PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Strawberries in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Strawberries, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Strawberries, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Strawberries by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Strawberries

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Strawberries
Fruits and Nuts
AG
01016
1016

PUR estimates of acres planted for strawberries may be higher than actual acreage due to double counting. For crops with a growing season that spans two calendar years, "acres planted" calculated from the PUR data may be higher than actual acreage bec

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Strawberries in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 14,050,400 3.84 145,870 3,659,880
Uses:
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 6,727,180 164.8 78,626 40,821
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 2,889,640 132.3 48,796 21,837
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 1,396,370 156.9 28,265 8,890
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 807,138 176.9 4,273 4,562
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 745,777 3.58 64,726 208,066
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 353,573 195.1 1,789 1,812
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Captan (104)
Thiophthalimide Yes 301,894 1.79 55,667 168,769
Uses: Fungicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 101,892 1.98 46,370 51,498
Uses: Insecticide
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 39,867 0.66 47,510 60,520
Uses: Fungicide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 30,447 0.35 61,707 87,888
Uses: Fungicide
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 29,764 2.23 16,365 13,329
Uses: Fungicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 27,212 0.16 46,628 173,763
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 24,266 0.33 51,289 74,628
Uses: Fungicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 23,409 0.37 27,255 62,672
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 22,161 0.50 50,878 43,902
Uses: Insecticide
Naled (418)
Organophosphorus Yes 20,896 1.00 24,361 20,998
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 19,256 0.72 16,391 26,684
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 18,933 0.23 22,291 83,027
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 18,176 0.92 12,696 19,676
Uses: Insecticide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 17,828 2.42 5,436 7,361
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 17,343 2.61 6,094 6,657
Uses: Fungicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 16,845 0.18 63,441 95,415
Uses: Fungicide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Unclassified Not Listed 16,177 0.22 50,646 74,628
Uses: Fungicide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 15,503 0.19 22,012 81,658
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 14,529 0.24 22,401 60,124
Uses: Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 13,171 0.23 13,656 57,764
Uses: Adjuvant
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 12,590 0.27 19,370 46,029
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 12,221 0.20 25,380 60,736
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 12,073 0.34 17,438 35,493
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 12,043 0.93 16,287 12,882
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 10,784 0.71 8,703 15,192
Uses: Insecticide
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 10,536 0.70 23,742 15,085
Uses: Fungicide
Pyrimethanil (5864)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 9,675 0.35 31,328 27,491
Uses: Fungicide
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Silicone, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 9,510 0.18 18,604 52,367
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 8,944 0.24 29,630 37,615
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 8,320 0.57 6,305 14,514
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 7,859 1.91 2,424 4,124
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Ammonium propionate (5015)
Unclassified Not Listed 7,546 0.50 9,389 15,020
Uses: Preservative, Microbiocide
Potash soap (1596)
Soap Not Listed 7,441 3.75 3,865 1,981
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Yes 7,178 2.81 6,398 2,551
Uses: Fungicide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 7,175 0.11 58,449 67,943
Uses: Fungicide
Spiromesifen (5858)
Keto-enol Not Listed 6,700 0.25 30,275 26,875
Uses: Insecticide
Captan, other related (90104)
Thiophthalimide Not Listed 6,676 0.04 56,235 164,757
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 6,539 0.11 22,801 60,610
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 5,794 0.31 27,495 18,769
Uses: Insecticide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 5,639 0.48 19,074 11,855
Uses: Insecticide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 5,585 1.10 4,873 5,090
Uses: Herbicide
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Not Listed 5,503 0.48 3,546 11,497
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
Methyl silicone resins (3689)
Silicone Not Listed 5,277 0.22 17,616 24,230
Uses: Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Strawberries in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
14,050,400 3.84 145,870 3,659,880 65,741
Ventura (56)
4,818,680 3.39 17,329 1,423,400 15,195
Monterey (27)
4,219,980 4.64 92,778 910,240 25,059
Santa Barbara (42)
2,666,180 4.21 18,722 633,248 11,182
San Luis Obispo (40)
1,040,400 2.95 5,272 352,322 5,075
Santa Cruz (44)
855,633 4.65 4,390 183,488 5,700
Orange (30)
184,078 7.05 2,130 26,103 712
San Diego (37)
86,290 2.71 564.0 31,799 532
Riverside (33)
71,351 2.26 441.8 31,518 641
Siskiyou (47)
50,805 0.76 3,465 63,696 956
Santa Clara (43)
11,667 7.09 60.6 1,645 282
San Joaquin (39)
9,454 104.0 45.2 90.9 28
Stanislaus (50)
9,245 75.1 58.0 123.1 44
Sacramento (34)
8,435 86.2 57.1 97.8 45
Contra Costa (07)
5,684 116.0 16.5 49.0 17
Merced (24)
3,100 38.9 36.2 79.8 16
Los Angeles (19)
2,312 13.5 11.5 171.3 44
Sutter (51)
2,102 65.7 23.0 32.0 8
San Benito (35)
1,323 32.1 19.0 41.2 12
Kern (15)
1,144 162.0 7.20 7.06 3
Madera (20)
910.5 45.8 5.00 19.9 4
Yuba (58)
862.2 59.5 5.00 14.5 8
San Bernardino (36)
268.6 0.47 57.7 577.4 73
Lassen (18)
243.5 0.28 236.7 862.7 19
Shasta (45)
162.9 7.58 15.0 21.5 7
Solano (48)
33.6 0.68 18.0 49.5 11
Fresno (10)
21.5 0.19 38.5 116.0 30
Sonoma (49)
9.59 0.49 12.1 19.6 12
Mendocino (23)
7.54 0.42 10.0 18.0 3
Glenn (11)
6.48 2.16 1.50 3.00 2
Yolo (57)
4.80 0.48 5.00 10.0 2
Lake (17)
3.77 0.42 5.00 9.00 3
Butte (04)
2.98 0.35 4.50 8.50 10
Alameda (01)
2.10 2.10 21.0 1.00 2
Kings (16)
1.09 2.19 1.20 0.50 1
Placer (31)
0.02 0.0043 8.00 5.25 2
San Mateo (41)
0.0100 - 0.24 - 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.