PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Tomatoes in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Tomatoes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Tomatoes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Tomatoes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Tomatoes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Tomatoes, Fresh
Vegetables and Melons
AG
11005
11005

There are two types of tomatoes reported in the PUR data: Fresh tomatoes and processing tomatoes. Due to inconsistencies in how these are reported and possibly errors in the original data as well, reported tomato acreage is highly variable. Combining the

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Tomatoes in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 1,377,200 1.98 38,164 675,882
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 641,971 22.2 18,275 28,892
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 163,272 135.9 1,399 1,201
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 146,058 129.1 1,626 1,132
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 145,297 174.3 2,996 833.8
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 62,314 27.9 1,765 2,230
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 42,849 1.62 21,652 26,410
Uses: Fungicide
Calcium hypochlorite (326)
Inorganic Yes 32,538 - - -
Uses: Algaecide, Water Treatment
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 22,889 67.0 929.0 341.6
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 10,470 0.82 9,758 12,800
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 10,117 1.52 8,337 6,657
Uses: Herbicide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Yes 8,195 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 7,441 1.29 8,709 5,777
Uses: Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 6,478 1.61 3,924 4,025
Uses: Herbicide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 6,134 0.68 9,540 9,015
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 3,142 0.30 1,996 10,307
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,029 0.10 19,475 29,091
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 2,994 0.90 4,332 3,312
Uses: Herbicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 2,428 0.13 12,592 18,892
Uses: Insecticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,421 0.59 4,556 4,095
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 2,329 0.40 6,138 5,795
Uses: Insecticide
Oxamyl (1910)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,218 0.55 2,779 4,018
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 1,909 0.75 2,031 2,557
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 1,839 0.12 10,778 14,966
Uses: Fungicide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 1,616 0.85 1,918 1,403
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 1,578 1.58 1,333 996.3
Uses: Herbicide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 1,577 0.16 8,699 9,785
Uses: Insecticide
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 1,573 0.19 762.0 8,384
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 1,471 0.67 1,170 2,200
Uses: Insecticide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 1,348 0.19 4,799 6,939
Uses: Insecticide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 1,283 0.17 7,923 7,440
Uses: Fungicide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,280 2.44 1,198 522.9
Uses: Fungicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 1,265 0.13 12,175 9,512
Uses: Fungicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 1,220 1.03 3,194 1,182
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Not Listed 1,196 0.38 1,155 3,167
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,137 0.82 1,423 1,382
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 1,088 0.40 2,558 2,703
Uses: Herbicide
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 981.8 0.11 1,155 8,887
Uses: Adjuvant
Propamocarb hydrochloride (4022)
Other Carbamate Not Listed 908.9 0.74 1,570 1,228
Uses: Fungicide
Difenoconazole (5024)
Azole Not Listed 848.5 0.08 7,634 10,754
Uses: Fungicide
Dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid (941)
Not Listed 829.5 0.09 900.8 8,773
Uses: Adjuvant, Microbiocide, Insecticide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 782.7 1.75 526.9 446.7
Uses: Insecticide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 770.5 0.06 15,019 13,813
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 766.2 0.20 7,681 3,800
Uses: Fungicide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 753.6 0.09 5,741 8,234
Uses: Adjuvant
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 742.8 0.20 6,704 3,693
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 722.5 0.05 10,679 14,765
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 712.3 1.02 935.0 698.7
Uses: Insecticide
Famoxadone (5878)
Dicarboximide Not Listed 676.8 0.12 5,819 5,868
Uses: Fungicide
Cymoxanil (4002)
Unclassified Not Listed 676.8 0.12 5,888 5,868
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Tomatoes in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
1,377,200 1.98 38,164 675,882 12,452
Fresno (10)
575,608 3.11 8,623 174,613 2,414
Ventura (56)
203,189 1.06 3,155 191,076 2,645
San Joaquin (39)
143,131 2.13 4,341 67,304 1,650
Merced (24)
136,913 1.27 5,860 101,208 1,695
San Diego (37)
100,199 2.59 794.2 38,687 579
Madera (20)
78,274 5.64 938.5 13,884 157
Santa Clara (43)
43,059 2.39 816.0 18,037 578
Kern (15)
26,822 2.08 454.6 12,890 215
Kings (16)
16,569 7.79 442.0 2,128 22
San Benito (35)
16,305 0.77 860.2 21,161 579
Stanislaus (50)
11,339 0.96 695.7 11,806 171
Sacramento (34)
7,758 3.19 165.0 2,433 56
Riverside (33)
6,627 1.91 208.0 3,465 73
Monterey (27)
3,812 0.40 8,803 9,494 544
Imperial (13)
2,232 0.97 66.0 2,298 74
Orange (30)
1,331 6.30 155.9 211.1 74
Colusa (06)
965.9 1.93 114.4 501.6 11
San Luis Obispo (40)
830.4 1.08 142.0 769.1 69
Santa Barbara (42)
598.6 0.34 1,135 1,740 212
Santa Cruz (44)
586.5 1.01 169.0 117.0 116
Yolo (57)
497.5 0.97 91.0 511.2 61
Solano (48)
151.3 0.18 51.5 821.5 91
Tulare (54)
121.4 0.61 18.0 200.0 23
Amador (03)
103.1 0.44 3.50 232.0 107
El Dorado (09)
63.4 3.13 4.25 20.2 9
Los Angeles (19)
50.9 0.39 17.0 132.0 43
Contra Costa (07)
15.6 0.15 11.5 104.0 48
Lake (17)
15.1 7.77 5.00 1.95 7
Sonoma (49)
12.8 1.77 1.37 7.24 55
San Bernardino (36)
10.9 1.87 3.10 5.80 31
Butte (04)
5.00 0.38 4.50 13.1 23
Napa (28)
0.68 0.41 3.00 1.50 6
Shasta (45)
0.37 0.18 1.00 2.00 2
Mendocino (23)
0.17 - 1.00 - 2
Humboldt (12)
0.15 1.10 8.00 0.14 2
Nevada (29)
0.14 0.07 - 2.00 1
Sutter (51)
0.06 0.03 2.00 2.00 4
Yuba (58)
0.0030 0.01 0.10 0.30 3
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.