PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Cotton in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Cotton, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Cotton, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Cotton by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Cotton

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Cotton, General
Field Crops
AG
29121
29121

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for cotton appear to be fairly accurate

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Cotton in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 3,514,850 0.31 395,871 11,214,600
Uses:
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 649,674 1.40 249,521 462,793
Uses: Herbicide
Urea dihydrogen sulfate (2270)
Inorganic Not Listed 536,824 2.39 200,916 224,552
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 363,304 1.01 290,263 358,050
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Sodium chlorate (536)
Inorganic Yes 308,764 5.00 60,084 61,808
Uses: Defoliant, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 167,896 0.65 224,222 259,788
Uses: Herbicide
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 151,187 1.10 65,694 137,504
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 141,130 1.25 83,198 113,212
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 102,398 1.22 84,364 83,957
Uses: Herbicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 97,769 0.91 99,627 107,052
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 78,805 0.53 76,936 149,249
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 54,856 0.07 282,763 749,932
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Naled (418)
Organophosphorus Yes 52,299 1.12 45,417 46,530
Uses: Insecticide
Phorate (478)
Organophosphorus Yes 49,277 1.27 36,420 38,768
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Cottonseed oil (1015)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 38,610 1.07 28,572 36,211
Uses: Insecticide
Acephate (1685)
Organophosphorus Yes 33,226 0.99 18,118 20,898
Uses: Insecticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 31,086 0.26 63,919 117,518
Uses: Adjuvant
Oxamyl (1910)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 29,168 0.97 29,834 30,032
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 26,501 0.76 35,644 34,950
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 24,137 0.09 160,103 282,497
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 23,720 1.27 19,020 18,664
Uses: Herbicide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 23,592 33.8 763.0 699.0
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 23,200 0.09 200,622 263,468
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 22,491 0.09 118,127 257,942
Uses: Fungicide
S,S,S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (190)
Organophosphorus Yes 21,820 1.00 14,659 21,894
Uses: Defoliant, Plant Growth Regulator
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 20,727 0.36 55,902 56,789
Uses: Herbicide
Thidiazuron (2162)
Urea Not Listed 19,461 0.05 289,259 358,088
Uses: Defoliant, Plant Growth Regulator
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 18,810 0.09 107,606 202,201
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 16,967 0.07 106,329 232,206
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 15,501 0.16 90,811 98,209
Uses: Fungicide
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 15,110 0.24 58,127 61,680
Uses: Fungicide
Mepiquat chloride (2075)
Quaternary Ammonium Compound Not Listed 14,891 0.04 209,653 369,559
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Mineral oil, refined (3846, 2601, 2106, 2768, 1641)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 14,477 0.66 20,054 22,080
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 12,887 0.07 90,465 179,327
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 11,731 0.07 151,671 168,776
Uses: Insecticide
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 11,498 0.15 47,842 79,095
Uses: Adjuvant
Metolachlor (1996)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 10,799 1.32 8,091 8,151
Uses: Herbicide
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 10,618 0.44 25,724 23,913
Uses: Insecticide
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Yes 10,380 0.04 153,042 283,170
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 10,225 0.34 31,928 29,769
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 10,191 0.09 81,474 117,767
Uses: Adjuvant
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 10,019 59.4 308.0 168.7
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Dicofol (346)
Organochlorine Yes 9,961 1.31 7,235 7,609
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium propionate (5015)
Unclassified Not Listed 9,954 0.07 70,168 133,999
Uses: Preservative, Microbiocide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 9,732 0.03 288,288 350,667
Uses: Herbicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 9,126 0.56 12,062 16,220
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 8,661 0.25 23,460 34,835
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 8,552 0.02 168,555 396,276
Uses: Adjuvant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 8,234 0.04 114,723 209,771
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Prometryn (502)
Triazine Yes 7,312 1.65 4,422 4,422
Uses: Herbicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Cotton in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
3,514,850 0.31 395,871 11,214,600 78,812
Fresno (10)
1,183,000 0.39 120,623 3,055,090 19,559
Kings (16)
1,180,140 0.26 119,311 4,439,550 16,515
Merced (24)
409,101 0.29 53,729 1,410,880 14,808
Kern (15)
391,217 0.40 58,301 988,657 9,108
Riverside (33)
152,342 0.24 13,118 646,763 9,553
Tulare (54)
146,008 0.31 22,115 472,769 5,934
Imperial (13)
29,427 0.25 3,447 119,026 2,403
Glenn (11)
6,603 0.29 1,873 22,732 261
Madera (20)
6,576 0.25 1,477 26,026 346
Sutter (51)
6,346 0.31 954.0 20,226 171
Colusa (06)
2,562 0.32 595.9 7,946 110
San Joaquin (39)
1,364 0.30 177.0 4,512 38
Yolo (57)
150.9 0.40 150.0 375.0 3
Alameda (01)
7.59 - - - 3
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

To print this page, choose Print. To export this data, choose Save As 'HTML Source' and open it in Excel or equivalent program.

Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.