PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Wine Grapes in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Wine Grapes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Wine Grapes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Wine Grapes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Wine Grapes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Grapes, Wine
Fruits and Nuts
AG
29143
29143

There are two kinds of grapes reported in the PUR data (wine and table). Due to errors and inconsistencies in reporting the type of grapes, PUR acreage data is not accurate except when these two types of grapes are aggregated.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Wine Grapes in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 26,312,300 2.05 666,334 12,854,800
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 20,351,800 8.59 541,294 2,370,410
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Mineral oil, refined (3846, 2601, 2106, 2768, 1641)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 1,158,130 4.81 127,046 240,772
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 666,005 251.4 9,128 2,649
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 553,631 2.51 155,497 220,897
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 464,613 20.3 29,512 22,932
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 417,301 1.60 291,625 260,473
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 228,317 1.33 176,966 171,087
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 153,972 0.55 243,421 281,094
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 151,331 3.20 59,336 47,329
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 149,415 0.20 419,912 746,270
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 143,225 2.10 107,980 68,132
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 99,172 0.88 139,143 112,927
Uses: Herbicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 91,878 2.54 66,548 36,184
Uses: Herbicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 74,313 1.29 90,288 57,710
Uses: Herbicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 71,232 0.39 252,053 181,053
Uses: Herbicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 70,683 0.62 188,587 114,783
Uses: Herbicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 65,707 0.45 131,012 144,976
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 63,056 0.62 110,206 101,402
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 59,048 0.42 148,284 140,783
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 53,338 0.22 268,173 239,930
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 52,341 1.85 36,825 28,360
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 45,082 0.37 176,084 122,916
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 44,033 0.23 222,753 189,731
Uses: Insecticide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 39,543 12.8 6,770 3,085
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Sodium tetrathiocarbonate (2273)
Inorganic Yes 39,206 29.8 677.7 1,318
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Nematicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 38,131 0.40 90,490 96,327
Uses: Adjuvant
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 35,115 0.50 94,659 70,928
Uses: Fungicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 33,085 0.05 348,853 723,395
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 32,085 0.13 151,608 240,805
Uses: Adjuvant
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 29,908 184.6 459.0 162.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 29,651 87.8 652.0 337.5
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-heptamethyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 28,971 0.14 133,440 200,256
Uses: Adjuvant
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 28,925 0.17 151,845 172,752
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 28,712 0.21 150,960 139,979
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 28,264 0.97 25,481 29,003
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 27,092 0.11 268,180 239,926
Uses: Fungicide
Copper oxychloride (156)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 24,096 0.48 46,110 49,869
Uses: Fungicide
Quinoxyfen (5787)
Quinoline Not Listed 22,646 0.09 305,780 247,163
Uses: Fungicide
Metrafenone (5990)
Unclassified Not Listed 20,105 0.28 82,286 72,401
Uses: Fungicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 19,846 1.13 18,284 17,509
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Flumioxazin (5802)
Unclassified Not Listed 19,818 0.21 157,974 96,343
Uses: Herbicide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 19,725 0.10 197,537 188,588
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 17,521 0.37 55,908 47,666
Uses: Fungicide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 16,355 0.10 126,998 168,783
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 16,198 0.48 56,167 33,935
Uses: Insecticide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 15,831 0.21 86,899 73,954
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 15,162 0.32 38,344 47,116
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper (714)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 14,840 2.62 8,260 5,658
Uses: Fungicide
Kresoxim-methyl (5451)
Strobin Yes 14,002 0.14 109,930 102,456
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Wine Grapes in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
26,312,300 2.05 666,334 12,854,800 272,552
San Joaquin (39)
4,631,260 3.22 80,789 1,436,770 25,217
Fresno (10)
3,154,740 2.05 60,326 1,535,290 17,108
Madera (20)
2,598,580 2.80 46,739 929,381 12,548
Sonoma (49)
1,956,560 1.67 63,549 1,175,020 44,843
Monterey (27)
1,954,470 1.12 149,679 1,750,610 30,010
Sacramento (34)
1,943,600 3.32 28,986 586,059 6,900
Kern (15)
1,841,060 2.52 25,920 731,439 5,560
Santa Barbara (42)
1,250,290 1.86 21,187 673,334 9,785
Yolo (57)
1,238,600 3.40 14,440 364,291 6,405
Napa (28)
1,227,760 1.23 48,505 997,045 51,178
San Luis Obispo (40)
803,102 0.89 34,904 901,067 16,633
Merced (24)
744,916 2.26 15,517 330,294 3,571
Mendocino (23)
605,135 2.93 17,158 206,516 6,626
Stanislaus (50)
533,339 2.37 10,374 225,043 3,250
Tulare (54)
436,561 1.65 11,231 265,384 3,847
Solano (48)
320,424 3.70 3,800 86,540 2,631
Lake (17)
202,534 1.41 8,668 144,126 3,301
Kings (16)
202,029 2.22 3,548 91,009 1,072
San Benito (35)
153,348 1.71 3,207 89,628 2,253
Colusa (06)
117,524 2.51 1,820 46,740 455
Contra Costa (07)
90,934 2.92 2,781 31,157 1,124
Alameda (01)
78,029 0.71 3,095 109,896 7,266
Amador (03)
51,626 1.07 2,975 48,287 2,370
Santa Clara (43)
49,048 2.35 1,443 20,852 1,518
El Dorado (09)
45,394 1.33 2,148 34,254 2,925
Riverside (33)
23,568 4.58 1,589 5,151 603
Santa Cruz (44)
12,092 2.17 463.3 5,552 670
Glenn (11)
10,512 0.72 547.9 14,624 126
Marin (21)
6,300 2.93 147.6 2,150 201
Butte (04)
6,009 4.68 129.5 1,284 49
Calaveras (05)
5,742 1.12 499.1 5,124 500
Tehama (52)
3,445 7.55 80.8 456.2 57
Nevada (29)
3,337 1.44 181.5 2,315 312
Sutter (51)
3,022 2.98 126.0 1,013 41
Placer (31)
2,009 1.25 157.8 1,605 227
San Mateo (41)
1,783 0.69 110.8 2,569 352
San Diego (37)
1,750 1.19 285.5 1,468 469
Humboldt (12)
960.4 2.74 50.0 350.4 48
Mariposa (22)
307.0 1.06 73.5 290.0 85
Shasta (45)
245.8 1.41 43.1 174.0 84
Tuolumne (55)
142.1 1.61 18.5 88.5 33
Ventura (56)
115.1 0.47 7.45 244.6 185
Los Angeles (19)
39.2 0.22 6.30 175.5 95
Yuba (58)
31.0 0.30 10.6 103.5 15
Orange (30)
4.62 1.16 2.00 4.00 4
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.