PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Wine Grapes in 2009

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Wine Grapes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Wine Grapes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Wine Grapes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Wine Grapes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Grapes, Wine
Fruits and Nuts
AG
29143
29143

There are two kinds of grapes reported in the PUR data (wine and table). Due to errors and inconsistencies in reporting the type of grapes, PUR acreage data is not accurate except when these two types of grapes are aggregated.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Wine Grapes in California in 2009


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (00)
Not Listed 21,483,500 2.01 613,222 10,664,300
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 16,922,200 8.64 497,434 1,958,020
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Petroleum distillates, refined (2106)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 1,020,900 4.24 112,898 240,891
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 375,511 1.10 344,271 340,777
Uses: Herbicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 298,130 262.3 4,299 1,136
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Mineral oil (401, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative Yes 257,086 2.54 66,010 101,098
Note! Data for Mineral oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 172,166 0.25 320,799 683,138
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 169,441 16.2 14,597 10,491
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 150,913 1.89 116,294 79,944
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 120,254 0.60 164,335 199,974
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Unclassified Not Listed 110,595 0.57 218,632 193,659
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 110,099 1.29 122,950 85,424
Uses: Herbicide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 98,683 2.62 55,785 37,626
Uses: Fungicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Not Listed 94,343 0.43 282,962 219,785
Uses: Herbicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 91,432 1.90 60,168 48,243
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 89,283 1.08 121,182 82,681
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 83,346 0.59 148,913 141,040
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 83,121 0.71 98,751 117,431
Uses: Herbicide
Petroleum oil, unclassified (765)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 76,349 5.58 11,229 13,674
Uses: Insecticide, Herbicide, Fungicide, Adjuvant
Sodium tetrathiocarbonate (2273)
Inorganic Yes 60,712 32.1 1,868 1,889
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Nematicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 58,199 1.94 53,992 29,931
Uses: Herbicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 50,249 11.0 8,033 4,587
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 46,505 0.88 57,536 52,954
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 39,247 0.34 125,990 115,597
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 34,728 0.19 212,425 182,579
Uses: Insecticide
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 33,963 0.38 40,817 88,537
Uses: Adjuvant
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 29,834 0.22 149,535 135,569
Uses: Fungicide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 29,254 0.55 56,518 52,774
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 28,164 0.56 55,935 49,999
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 28,095 0.45 85,464 62,131
Uses: Fungicide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 22,326 0.15 137,708 150,750
Uses: Adjuvant
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 21,029 0.52 57,976 40,339
Uses: Fungicide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 20,050 0.05 198,607 367,943
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 19,019 146.3 580.5 130.0
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 18,333 0.46 73,514 40,032
Uses: Insecticide
Flumioxazin (5802)
Unclassified Not Listed 17,746 0.17 165,395 102,693
Uses: Herbicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 17,597 0.04 222,076 412,066
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-hepta-methyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 17,313 0.15 84,859 115,047
Uses: Adjuvant
Kresoxim-methyl (5451)
Strobin Yes 17,295 0.14 130,360 121,215
Uses: Fungicide
Glyphosate (2997)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 17,183 0.92 25,624 18,593
Uses: Herbicide
Quinoxyfen (5787)
Quinoline Not Listed 16,288 0.09 183,557 173,124
Uses: Fungicide
Tebuconazole (3850)
Azole Not Listed 16,097 0.10 156,883 162,083
Uses: Fungicide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 15,781 1.52 12,368 10,364
Uses: Fungicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 15,153 0.11 149,776 135,566
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 14,269 0.29 44,492 48,585
Uses: Adjuvant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 13,662 0.19 72,674 70,716
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxychloride (156)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 13,322 3.11 5,824 4,282
Uses: Fungicide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 12,879 0.74 26,641 17,390
Uses: Herbicide
Myrothecium verrucaria, dried fermentation solids & solubles (3966)
Microbial Not Listed 12,737 6.13 4,072 2,077
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Trifloxystrobin (5321)
Strobin Not Listed 12,685 0.07 180,149 175,544
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Wine Grapes in 2009

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
21,483,500 2.01 613,222 10,664,300 208,784
San Joaquin (39)
3,958,350 3.20 74,684 1,238,890 20,933
Madera (20)
2,067,430 2.84 42,241 726,825 9,432
Sonoma (49)
1,991,660 1.90 63,697 1,049,510 40,566
Fresno (10)
1,951,230 1.89 54,654 1,032,340 11,789
Kern (15)
1,805,300 2.03 28,851 891,201 4,539
Sacramento (34)
1,712,510 3.02 26,186 566,574 6,394
Monterey (27)
1,530,100 1.11 120,569 1,376,210 21,652
Napa (28)
1,455,190 1.75 49,105 831,911 36,313
Yolo (57)
845,293 3.12 13,518 270,577 4,469
Merced (24)
699,222 2.17 12,824 322,213 2,852
Santa Barbara (42)
561,766 0.96 23,250 583,158 7,474
Stanislaus (50)
556,465 1.94 9,426 286,255 2,829
San Luis Obispo (40)
477,101 0.80 32,424 598,188 12,866
Tulare (54)
414,901 1.93 10,537 214,799 3,031
Mendocino (23)
359,103 3.18 16,381 112,723 3,963
Solano (48)
267,426 4.10 3,907 65,295 1,907
San Benito (35)
225,974 2.15 4,296 105,005 3,354
Lake (17)
181,432 1.90 8,004 95,399 2,010
Kings (16)
112,155 1.54 2,576 72,863 720
Colusa (06)
63,690 1.45 1,935 43,998 390
Amador (03)
56,846 1.29 3,152 44,056 2,085
Contra Costa (07)
56,646 2.25 1,752 25,230 676
Santa Clara (43)
33,045 2.91 1,361 11,368 929
El Dorado (09)
32,954 1.19 2,176 27,772 2,415
Alameda (01)
14,612 0.39 2,628 37,312 2,188
Santa Cruz (44)
11,254 1.25 491.3 8,968 822
Glenn (11)
10,644 1.30 547.9 8,209 57
Riverside (33)
10,075 1.46 1,605 6,890 635
Marin (21)
7,733 3.66 173.3 2,112 202
Butte (04)
3,368 3.15 192.0 1,068 47
Calaveras (05)
2,962 1.27 606.5 2,326 255
Tehama (52)
2,937 9.25 52.8 317.6 36
San Mateo (41)
1,138 0.57 86.7 2,005 272
Sutter (51)
838.5 2.62 83.0 320.2 10
Placer (31)
608.0 0.53 137.7 1,141 204
Tuolumne (55)
559.2 1.62 71.2 344.4 30
San Diego (37)
417.4 1.52 62.7 274.2 165
Mariposa (22)
244.8 1.16 91.0 211.0 60
Shasta (45)
177.4 0.93 48.0 190.7 23
Yuba (58)
128.9 1.81 10.6 71.1 22
Ventura (56)
29.3 0.30 3.95 77.1 111
Los Angeles (19)
23.3 0.27 5.00 84.9 41
Orange (30)
7.98 0.33 3.75 24.2 16
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.