PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Wine Grapes in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Wine Grapes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Wine Grapes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Wine Grapes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Wine Grapes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Grapes, Wine
Fruits and Nuts
AG
29143
29143

There are two kinds of grapes reported in the PUR data (wine and table). Due to errors and inconsistencies in reporting the type of grapes, PUR acreage data is not accurate except when these two types of grapes are aggregated.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Wine Grapes in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 27,283,200 1.80 764,994 15,172,100
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 20,250,200 8.44 621,215 2,400,400
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 2,622,490 3.96 387,936 662,928
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 403,929 1.66 310,621 244,027
Uses: Herbicide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 371,039 19.1 30,563 19,461
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 286,343 3.14 132,539 91,228
Uses: Fungicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 273,939 312.8 2,341 875.8
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 253,891 1.66 234,874 153,072
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 201,817 2.21 172,238 91,399
Uses: Herbicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 180,561 0.86 359,226 209,801
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 176,431 0.21 502,148 845,924
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 152,077 0.52 275,488 291,852
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 100,880 0.48 341,370 209,426
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 95,979 1.00 133,352 96,342
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 87,901 0.51 179,663 171,089
Uses: Adjuvant
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 71,282 0.30 286,197 235,996
Uses: Insecticide
Petroleum distillates, aromatic (1814)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 70,218 0.97 111,990 72,432
Uses: Solvent, Herbicide, Insecticide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 68,099 0.32 164,153 212,005
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 57,780 0.25 346,069 234,418
Uses: Fungicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 53,214 16.5 6,305 3,228
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 50,016 0.27 206,057 186,944
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 47,544 1.83 27,324 26,032
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Copper oxychloride (156)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 46,250 0.56 78,392 83,215
Uses: Fungicide
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-heptamethyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 45,326 0.19 145,692 238,398
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 41,371 0.12 245,308 359,236
Uses: Adjuvant
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 40,081 1.40 56,501 28,623
Uses: Herbicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 39,956 0.62 95,320 64,862
Uses: Adjuvant
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 38,272 0.24 236,089 161,972
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 37,689 0.31 109,878 121,698
Uses: Fungicide
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 35,294 1.10 28,164 32,108
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Metrafenone (5990)
Unclassified Not Listed 31,888 0.27 150,301 119,591
Uses: Fungicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 30,161 0.16 169,631 184,310
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 29,856 0.20 175,263 146,927
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 29,559 0.12 347,089 237,621
Uses: Fungicide
Flumioxazin (5802)
Unclassified Not Listed 27,735 0.29 229,304 97,124
Uses: Herbicide
Quinoxyfen (5787)
Quinoline Not Listed 27,553 0.09 380,606 299,258
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 24,236 3.70 7,119 6,546
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 22,450 2.32 34,765 9,674
Uses: Herbicide
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 22,326 0.69 88,889 32,468
Uses: Fungicide
Tebuconazole (3850)
Azole Not Listed 22,172 0.10 260,088 215,881
Uses: Fungicide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 21,230 0.22 121,269 96,020
Uses: Fungicide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 20,977 0.11 265,901 190,007
Uses: Insecticide
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 20,798 0.49 64,462 42,828
Uses: Fungicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 20,415 0.96 28,972 21,213
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 19,382 0.11 232,505 180,235
Uses: Fungicide
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Polyalkyloxy Compound, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 18,049 0.18 100,069 98,617
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 17,982 0.36 37,403 50,113
Uses: Adjuvant
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 17,965 0.65 38,515 27,633
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Yes 17,871 0.35 39,168 50,760
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
Propionic acid (505)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 17,772 0.23 47,563 77,480
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Wine Grapes in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
27,283,200 1.80 764,994 15,172,100 355,841
San Joaquin (39)
5,398,300 3.15 84,214 1,714,370 35,359
Sacramento (34)
2,832,210 3.25 34,034 871,093 10,583
Madera (20)
2,577,470 2.27 39,949 1,135,810 12,953
Fresno (10)
2,445,490 1.56 57,914 1,569,240 15,262
Sonoma (49)
2,273,630 1.59 64,446 1,428,470 65,672
Monterey (27)
2,230,490 0.99 236,403 2,247,670 42,843
Yolo (57)
1,985,260 3.72 20,470 534,131 9,437
Napa (28)
1,206,950 1.21 48,674 997,549 57,792
San Luis Obispo (40)
922,098 0.79 42,819 1,174,490 23,597
Santa Barbara (42)
856,107 0.94 21,258 913,248 12,662
Merced (24)
736,099 2.09 16,075 352,578 3,270
Kern (15)
728,061 1.28 20,595 569,964 4,744
Stanislaus (50)
677,890 2.57 10,434 263,798 3,531
Mendocino (23)
615,313 2.36 18,380 260,214 9,400
Lake (17)
373,933 2.03 11,132 184,000 7,697
Tulare (54)
336,098 1.43 7,847 235,735 3,806
Solano (48)
303,726 3.27 4,394 92,819 3,300
San Benito (35)
149,087 1.17 4,153 127,269 4,487
Contra Costa (07)
104,415 1.78 2,565 58,774 1,953
Alameda (01)
101,982 0.67 3,625 152,681 11,677
Colusa (06)
96,674 2.92 1,620 33,076 293
Amador (03)
68,512 1.12 3,401 61,137 3,011
Kings (16)
66,104 1.11 2,743 59,519 894
Santa Clara (43)
57,927 2.09 1,365 27,662 1,643
El Dorado (09)
44,868 0.92 2,573 48,524 3,668
Calaveras (05)
13,908 1.67 693.3 8,317 770
Glenn (11)
13,891 1.41 547.9 9,852 109
Riverside (33)
13,182 1.18 1,444 11,136 1,273
Santa Cruz (44)
9,918 1.53 476.9 6,499 801
Butte (04)
9,119 4.17 196.5 2,185 68
Nevada (29)
8,013 2.60 439.6 3,085 364
Marin (21)
6,960 2.94 155.9 2,368 295
San Mateo (41)
6,521 1.93 146.7 3,336 395
San Diego (37)
4,604 0.76 474.5 6,026 1,472
Tehama (52)
3,457 4.66 166.5 742.0 53
Sutter (51)
2,388 1.78 158.0 1,340 142
Placer (31)
1,291 0.52 146.9 2,492 272
Tuolumne (55)
368.8 2.15 24.2 171.2 56
Humboldt (12)
319.8 3.05 24.0 105.0 13
Ventura (56)
204.8 0.72 27.8 284.5 97
Mariposa (22)
108.8 2.00 35.6 54.4 25
Yuba (58)
92.0 0.63 20.0 145.0 17
Shasta (45)
83.0 0.64 48.3 130.2 27
Los Angeles (19)
78.7 0.70 7.70 58.0 52
Orange (30)
5.05 1.01 2.00 5.00 5
San Bernardino (36)
0.58 1.16 0.50 0.50 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.