PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Pistachios in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Pistachios, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Pistachios, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Pistachios by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Pistachios

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Pistachios
Fruits and Nuts
AG
03011
3011

PUR estimates of acres planted for pistachios is substantially different from California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimates, typically 10,000-30,000 acres higher. The source of this discrepancy is not immediately apparent. In general, PU

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Pistachios in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 3,941,570 0.85 268,613 4,654,730
Uses:
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 1,241,350 17.7 68,082 70,071
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,160,690 8.66 89,986 134,068
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 409,804 1.79 188,220 228,683
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 120,069 2.82 84,032 42,544
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 100,709 0.25 182,594 403,956
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 100,605 0.76 113,676 132,060
Uses: Adjuvant
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 85,265 1.31 58,581 65,141
Uses: Herbicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 54,785 0.50 153,250 108,595
Uses: Herbicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 44,057 3.40 30,408 12,956
Uses: Herbicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 32,497 0.87 41,128 37,418
Uses: Adjuvant
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 32,072 0.18 130,214 173,686
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 30,604 0.34 72,826 91,209
Uses: Fungicide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 29,178 0.36 52,700 82,086
Uses: Adjuvant
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 28,451 1.64 17,191 17,331
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 27,955 0.93 32,008 30,008
Uses: Herbicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 25,081 0.30 56,405 82,240
Uses: Insecticide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 19,793 0.48 34,107 41,322
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 19,753 0.15 57,635 130,517
Uses: Adjuvant
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 18,618 0.21 81,848 88,240
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 17,561 47.5 445.9 369.7
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 17,076 0.26 68,902 66,072
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 15,507 0.46 26,927 33,876
Uses: Adjuvant
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 14,141 0.14 40,235 101,063
Uses: Adjuvant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 13,547 0.36 36,552 37,320
Uses: Insecticide
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 12,613 1.16 11,673 10,834
Uses: Fungicide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 12,298 0.13 58,126 91,789
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 11,014 0.04 139,881 256,467
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 9,684 1.23 9,228 7,849
Uses: Herbicide
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 9,361 0.52 21,946 18,048
Uses: Adjuvant
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 9,274 0.72 18,689 12,892
Uses: Herbicide
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 8,276 0.12 64,861 68,817
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Pyrimethanil (5864)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 7,662 0.26 30,532 29,150
Uses: Fungicide
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 7,573 0.04 127,418 194,555
Uses: Insecticide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 7,289 0.21 30,489 34,771
Uses: Fungicide
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 7,182 0.17 11,349 41,254
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6,576 0.16 30,948 41,594
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6,489 0.11 33,215 56,783
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-alkyl-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene) poly (oxyethylene), (1884)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6,355 0.19 40,269 33,356
Uses: Adjuvant
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 5,521 0.29 21,498 19,268
Uses: Fungicide
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 5,431 1.80 1,938 3,023
Uses: Insecticide
Propylene oxide (508)
Alcohol/Ether Yes 5,393 0.17 - 288.0
Uses: Fumigant
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 5,144 0.32 16,771 16,311
Uses: Insecticide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 5,053 1.23 3,423 4,123
Uses: Fungicide
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 5,003 0.18 28,534 27,363
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,989 0.12 17,166 40,524
Uses: Adjuvant
Flumioxazin (5802)
Unclassified Not Listed 4,905 0.31 33,440 16,046
Uses: Herbicide
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,894 0.10 54,939 49,983
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Urea (662)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,331 0.28 8,299 15,437
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 4,186 0.08 44,951 50,314
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Pistachios in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
3,941,570 0.85 268,613 4,654,730 37,464
Kern (15)
1,876,480 1.29 88,657 1,451,450 8,333
Fresno (10)
751,572 0.91 67,500 824,471 6,254
Madera (20)
440,043 0.42 39,850 1,041,960 11,519
Kings (16)
438,608 0.96 19,094 457,844 2,707
Tulare (54)
308,711 0.67 35,349 452,372 5,585
Merced (24)
97,064 0.30 12,011 327,002 1,915
Colusa (06)
12,436 0.20 2,514 62,161 528
Glenn (11)
8,159 0.57 1,335 14,288 172
Yolo (57)
3,929 0.77 403.6 5,087 100
Butte (04)
2,540 0.24 594.5 10,719 116
Solano (48)
480.7 1.40 25.0 344.2 21
San Luis Obispo (40)
381.5 0.39 177.0 980.0 24
Stanislaus (50)
342.2 0.20 283.0 1,725 74
Tehama (52)
198.2 0.34 279.0 585.8 33
Alameda (01)
160.0 0.12 146.0 1,283 14
Santa Barbara (42)
132.7 0.12 270.0 1,150 19
San Joaquin (39)
114.8 0.17 57.0 687.0 22
Calaveras (05)
114.1 0.45 22.0 254.8 14
Sutter (51)
104.2 0.29 45.5 365.0 14
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.