PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Pistachios in 2009

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Pistachios, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Pistachios, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Pistachios by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Pistachios

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Pistachios
Fruits and Nuts
AG
03011
3011

PUR estimates of acres planted for pistachios is substantially different from California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimates, typically 10,000-30,000 acres higher. The source of this discrepancy is not immediately apparent. In general, PU

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Pistachios in California in 2009


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (00)
Not Listed 2,983,240 0.95 203,581 3,076,850
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 953,703 9.21 72,131 103,584
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Petroleum oil, unclassified (765)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 480,314 41.9 12,642 11,459
Uses: Insecticide, Herbicide, Fungicide, Adjuvant
MCIAL code 401 (2045)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 326,869 7.74 41,083 42,252
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 180,242 1.00 116,853 181,065
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 150,422 2.68 93,392 56,048
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil (401, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative Yes 116,546 17.2 7,496 6,780
Note! Data for Mineral oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 71,324 0.27 114,201 267,555
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Glyphosate (2997)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 64,289 1.40 45,998 45,988
Uses: Herbicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Not Listed 58,062 0.51 125,595 113,526
Uses: Herbicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 50,686 1.90 30,279 26,650
Uses: Herbicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 39,256 0.30 82,438 130,182
Uses: Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 35,849 0.39 31,931 91,259
Uses: Adjuvant
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Unclassified Not Listed 34,220 0.61 60,887 55,811
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 33,268 0.92 50,433 36,168
Uses: Herbicide
Propylene oxide (508)
Alcohol/Ether Yes 32,799 - - -
Uses: Fumigant
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 26,107 0.43 65,661 61,108
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 25,000 1.42 19,994 17,566
Uses: Herbicide
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 23,277 0.22 39,311 107,876
Uses: Adjuvant
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 21,375 71.2 765.0 300.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 20,106 1.10 19,786 18,279
Uses: Fungicide
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 19,727 0.37 51,084 53,786
Uses: Adjuvant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 14,250 0.31 42,018 46,192
Uses: Insecticide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 13,313 0.15 31,070 89,322
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Aluminum phosphide (484)
Inorganic Yes 12,048 0.02 2,655 2,713
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 9,247 0.11 24,994 80,582
Uses: Adjuvant
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 7,746 0.14 51,301 53,839
Uses: Insecticide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 7,469 0.14 29,649 54,326
Uses: Adjuvant
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 7,293 0.15 41,440 48,162
Uses: Insecticide
Azinphos-methyl (314)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,887 2.00 3,531 3,443
Uses: Insecticide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 6,689 1.48 5,125 4,523
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 6,621 0.32 14,294 20,921
Uses: Adjuvant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 6,237 0.08 53,152 75,969
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 5,825 0.42 9,730 13,722
Uses: Adjuvant
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 5,701 1.32 8,065 4,317
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 4,693 0.22 9,141 20,985
Uses: Fungicide
Pyrimethanil (5864)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 4,603 0.33 14,322 14,088
Uses: Fungicide
Flumioxazin (5802)
Unclassified Not Listed 4,566 0.21 38,330 21,975
Uses: Herbicide
Polyoxyethylene sorbitol, mixed ethyl ester (1178)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,537 1.08 7,395 4,187
Uses: Adjuvant
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 4,395 0.20 17,549 21,703
Uses: Fungicide
Phosmet (335)
Organophosphorus Yes 4,294 3.62 1,287 1,187
Uses: Insecticide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 3,859 0.74 5,041 5,194
Uses: Herbicide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 3,818 0.04 82,554 91,289
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 3,699 0.05 24,994 80,582
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,539 0.21 10,994 17,245
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Not Listed 3,358 0.35 11,675 9,497
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 2,916 0.12 20,244 25,116
Uses: Fungicide
Rimsulfuron (3835)
Sulfonylurea Not Listed 2,758 0.19 24,191 14,435
Uses: Herbicide
Acephate (1685)
Organophosphorus Yes 2,652 0.86 5,063 3,088
Uses: Insecticide
Hydrotreated paraffinic solvent (2601)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 2,576 0.46 8,359 5,653
Uses: Solvent

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Pistachios in 2009

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
2,983,240 0.95 203,581 3,076,850 24,273
Kern (15)
1,729,080 1.64 68,479 1,027,000 5,365
Madera (20)
348,334 0.47 31,623 748,688 7,378
Fresno (10)
314,767 0.69 46,238 457,268 3,392
Kings (16)
249,474 0.88 17,004 284,927 1,686
Tulare (54)
245,493 0.78 25,764 309,110 4,427
Merced (24)
67,912 0.40 9,199 169,525 1,040
Colusa (06)
16,264 0.30 2,486 54,483 436
Glenn (11)
4,975 0.47 838.4 10,582 180
Butte (04)
2,127 0.37 683.5 5,736 94
Stanislaus (50)
1,967 0.68 196.0 2,912 87
Santa Barbara (42)
1,079 1.04 390.0 1,040 31
San Luis Obispo (40)
614.2 0.75 160.0 818.0 16
Tehama (52)
442.1 0.24 129.0 1,836 52
Yolo (57)
391.0 0.18 228.0 2,160 40
San Joaquin (39)
138.3 0.74 46.0 187.9 14
Sutter (51)
96.7 0.46 44.0 212.0 18
Calaveras (05)
51.4 0.26 22.0 199.6 5
Solano (48)
22.4 0.52 29.5 43.2 4
Alameda (01)
12.3 0.10 20.0 120.0 8
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.