PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Kiwis in 2009

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Kiwis, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Kiwis, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Kiwis by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Kiwis

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Kiwis
Fruits and Nuts
AG
06018
6018

CDFA acreage estimates of acres planted are higher than PUR estimates for kiwi fruit. This discrepancy is probably because some planted acres were not treated with pesticides during the year. Acreage that is not treated during a year does not appear in t

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Kiwis in California in 2009


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (00)
Not Listed 44,327 2.42 2,633 18,131
Uses:
Hydrogen chloride (329)
Inorganic Not Listed 13,050 17.5 750.0 745.0
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Nematicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 6,518 9.60 704.0 679.0
Uses: Insecticide
Hydrogen cyanamide (2238)
Inorganic Yes 4,929 14.6 405.0 338.5
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 4,825 1.25 2,204 3,850
Uses: Herbicide
Petroleum oil, unclassified (765)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 2,870 37.1 80.6 77.4
Uses: Insecticide, Herbicide, Fungicide, Adjuvant
Mineral oil (401, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative Yes 2,414 27.9 101.5 86.5
Note! Data for Mineral oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 2,328 181.9 20.0 12.8
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 1,477 36.9 240.0 40.0
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 1,194 1.21 1,170 986.2
Uses: Herbicide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 994.4 0.58 945.5 1,703
Uses: Adjuvant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Not Listed 885.6 1.09 1,362 815.3
Uses: Herbicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 707.5 2.46 523.3 287.1
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 522.3 106.6 12.0 1.00
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 327.8 0.54 412.0 608.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 310.1 0.29 601.5 1,053
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 245.4 1.17 170.4 210.4
Uses: Herbicide
Methidathion (1689)
Organophosphorus Yes 183.6 1.42 129.5 129.0
Uses: Insecticide
MCIAL code 401 (2045)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 86.6 0.75 148.0 114.8
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 65.7 0.16 140.5 400.5
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Glyphosate, diammonium salt (5810)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 64.1 1.12 57.0 57.0
Uses: Herbicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 54.3 0.32 134.0 168.2
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 45.3 0.12 129.0 378.0
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 34.2 0.05 356.0 653.7
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 30.2 0.11 73.0 269.0
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 23.8 0.18 139.0 134.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 20.5 0.19 105.0 105.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 13.8 0.10 75.5 136.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 10.3 0.05 149.5 212.2
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Tall oil acids (1389)
Fatty acid Not Listed 9.30 0.08 166.0 115.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Forchlorfenuron (5557)
Urea Not Listed 8.50 0.0089 960.5 953.0
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 8.25 - 8.00 -
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Octyl phenoxy poly ethoxy ethanol (1244)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 7.59 0.21 36.0 36.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 6.79 0.0043 1,105 1,583
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Polyoxyethylene 20 sorbital trioleate (2814)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6.61 0.11 80.0 62.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 5.85 0.42 63.0 14.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4.89 0.61 57.0 8.00
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3.83 0.19 22.0 20.7
Uses: Adjuvant
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 3.60 12.0 2.40 0.30
Uses: Fungicide
Carfentrazone-ethyl (5130)
Triazolone Not Listed 2.97 0.02 67.0 134.0
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 2.50 3.79 2.00 0.66
Uses: Herbicide
Polyoxyethylene sorbitol, mixed ethyl ester (1178)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 2.38 0.12 48.0 19.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 2.31 0.38 20.0 6.00
Uses: Adjuvant
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 2.19 0.12 18.0 18.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Aluminum phosphide (484)
Inorganic Yes 2.19 0.08 15.0 29.0
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate (667)
Inorganic-Zinc Yes 1.44 0.07 20.0 20.0
Uses: Microbiocide, Herbicide
Phosmet (335)
Organophosphorus Yes 1.40 1.00 1.40 1.40
Uses: Insecticide
Strychnine (554)
Botanical Yes 1.21 0.04 28.0 28.0
Uses: Rodenticide, Avicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 1.15 0.06 20.0 20.0
Uses: Fungicide
Propionic acid (505)
Unclassified Yes 1.15 0.06 20.0 20.0
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Kiwis in 2009

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
44,327 2.42 2,633 18,131 524
Tulare (54)
36,066 2.51 1,748 14,187 267
Yuba (58)
2,824 15.3 123.2 185.0 21
Butte (04)
2,591 1.73 294.0 1,497 104
Kings (16)
808.8 1.49 149.0 544.5 26
Kern (15)
784.1 1.20 68.0 651.6 21
Placer (31)
463.9 32.4 12.9 14.3 3
Stanislaus (50)
363.3 0.66 75.0 502.5 15
Fresno (10)
192.0 0.65 77.0 296.8 19
Sutter (51)
131.6 1.34 30.0 98.0 8
Madera (20)
43.7 1.16 6.50 37.6 13
San Joaquin (39)
37.3 0.78 19.0 48.0 8
Yolo (57)
10.6 0.26 20.0 41.0 4
Santa Clara (43)
4.00 0.33 6.00 12.0 2
Glenn (11)
2.21 1.10 1.00 2.00 2
Sacramento (34)
1.97 0.49 2.00 4.00 2
Colusa (06)
1.96 0.22 1.00 9.00 9
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.