PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Kiwis in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Kiwis, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Kiwis, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Kiwis by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Kiwis

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Kiwis
Fruits and Nuts
AG
06018
6018

CDFA acreage estimates of acres planted are higher than PUR estimates for kiwi fruit. This discrepancy is probably because some planted acres were not treated with pesticides during the year. Acreage that is not treated during a year does not appear in t

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Kiwis in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 55,495 1.94 2,355 28,602
Uses:
Hydrogen cyanamide (2238)
Inorganic Yes 18,692 17.6 1,086 1,063
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 7,733 8.79 885.0 880.0
Uses: Insecticide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 7,590 330.0 39.0 23.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 3,410 5.77 484.4 591.0
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,262 45.0 72.5 72.5
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 3,122 1.30 1,425 2,408
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 2,274 392.0 19.0 5.80
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 1,372 313.1 680.0 4.38
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 1,341 1.56 588.0 861.3
Uses: Herbicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 1,318 3.58 536.8 368.2
Uses: Herbicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 1,133 1.25 1,280 910.1
Uses: Herbicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 804.6 1.08 750.0 745.0
Uses: Insecticide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 742.8 0.23 799.8 3,183
Uses: Adjuvant
Methidathion (1689)
Organophosphorus Yes 430.1 2.00 215.0 215.0
Uses: Insecticide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 380.8 1.43 303.9 266.2
Uses: Herbicide
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 352.0 0.47 766.8 751.0
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 336.2 0.22 935.5 1,523
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 149.4 0.28 192.0 540.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 107.7 0.13 447.0 811.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 98.6 2.46 240.0 40.0
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 90.5 0.19 344.5 484.7
Uses: Adjuvant
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 66.6 0.55 79.6 121.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 66.0 0.26 151.0 252.0
Uses: Fungicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 65.8 3.85 17.1 17.1
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 60.1 0.60 130.0 100.0
Uses: Fungicide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 60.0 0.11 198.0 552.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 57.3 9.55 6.00 6.00
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Reynoutria sachalinensis (5823)
Microbial Not Listed 39.0 0.33 560.0 120.0
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 38.0 0.32 79.6 117.2
Uses: Herbicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 32.3 0.14 151.0 232.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 30.2 0.43 40.0 70.5
Uses: Adjuvant
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 29.8 0.11 255.0 271.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 23.9 0.22 54.0 108.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 23.6 0.30 59.0 78.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 19.3 0.0029 1,154 6,754
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Polyoxyethylene 20 sorbital trioleate (2814)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 13.8 0.10 140.0 141.3
Uses: Adjuvant
Forchlorfenuron (5557)
Urea Not Listed 12.3 0.0099 1,332 1,238
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Coconut diethanolamide (1598, 5253)
Yes 12.0 0.10 133.0 117.2
Note! Data for Coconut diethanolamide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide
Sec-butyl alcohol (3078, 1482)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 10.8 0.05 117.0 199.4
Note! Data for Sec-butyl alcohol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Solvent
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 10.8 0.05 153.6 220.8
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Tall oil acids (1389)
Fatty acid Not Listed 10.4 0.08 111.8 131.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 9.96 0.05 204.0 204.0
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 9.55 0.09 54.0 108.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Carfentrazone-ethyl (5130)
Triazolone Not Listed 6.88 0.03 161.0 221.0
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 6.43 0.30 79.0 21.3
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Yes 5.68 0.44 60.5 13.0
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4.86 0.69 16.0 7.00
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan mixed fatty acid esters (5873)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4.22 0.07 60.0 60.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 4.03 0.04 122.0 106.2
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Kiwis in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
55,495 1.94 2,355 28,602 589
Tulare (54)
39,987 1.75 1,404 22,807 304
Fresno (10)
7,340 7.16 253.5 1,025 43
Yuba (58)
3,654 109.8 30.3 33.3 9
Sutter (51)
1,138 13.6 12.0 84.0 7
Butte (04)
1,040 0.58 283.0 1,781 130
Madera (20)
941.5 1.07 58.5 883.3 21
Kings (16)
578.5 0.56 117.0 1,037 33
Kern (15)
520.5 0.92 48.0 565.2 13
Stanislaus (50)
141.4 0.71 75.0 198.0 7
San Joaquin (39)
66.1 1.07 19.0 61.5 8
Yolo (57)
42.4 0.64 20.0 66.6 3
Sacramento (34)
39.6 1.24 22.0 32.0 5
Placer (31)
3.91 0.34 11.5 11.5 1
Santa Barbara (42)
1.38 5.52 0.25 0.25 1
Santa Clara (43)
0.0098 0.0006 - 16.0 4
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.