PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Spices in 2009

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Spices, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Spices, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Spices by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Spices

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Spices
Spices and Herbs
AG
08000
8000

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Spices in California in 2009


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (00)
Not Listed 4,297 1.02 815.9 3,499
Uses:
Potash soap (1596)
Soap Not Listed 2,429 4.14 210.5 510.5
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Neem oil (3979)
Botanical Not Listed 1,255 3.08 236.8 317.0
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 246.1 2.06 245.5 90.1
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 49.8 0.20 200.5 217.2
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 38.6 1.93 37.0 20.0
Uses: Herbicide
Pyrethrins (510)
Botanical Yes 22.2 0.03 320.4 660.6
Uses: Insecticide
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 20.5 0.18 43.0 47.2
Uses: Fungicide
Napropamide (1728)
Amide Not Listed 18.0 1.50 20.0 12.0
Uses: Herbicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 17.9 0.72 49.8 24.9
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Israelensis, strain AM 65-52 (5841)
Microbial Not Listed 16.5 1.65 3.00 10.0
Uses: Insecticide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 14.4 2.17 180.8 6.61
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Unclassified Not Listed 13.6 0.12 43.0 47.2
Uses: Fungicide
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 13.5 0.11 60.4 119.1
Uses: Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 11.4 0.10 54.5 78.0
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 11.4 0.19 156.5 39.5
Uses: Fungicide
Sethoxydim (2177)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 10.5 0.35 20.0 30.0
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 9.63 0.24 37.0 40.0
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Piperonyl butoxide (486)
Unclassified Not Listed 9.21 0.37 98.5 25.0
Uses: Synergist
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 8.02 0.04 124.2 112.7
Uses: Insecticide
Azadirachtin (2328)
Botanical Not Listed 7.87 0.02 93.6 263.8
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Citric acid (142)
Unclassified Yes 7.84 0.39 37.0 20.0
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 7.83 0.87 86.0 9.00
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, serotype 3a,3b (3858)
Microbial Not Listed 7.82 0.13 7.00 3.10
Uses: Insecticide
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6.35 0.77 30.0 4.00
Uses: Adjuvant
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 4.88 0.20 37.3 24.2
Uses: Fungicide
QST 713 strain of dried Bacillus subtilis (5447)
Microbial Not Listed 4.17 0.15 135.0 26.9
Uses: Fungicide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Unclassified Not Listed 4.01 0.05 50.0 57.0
Uses: Insecticide
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 3.21 - 30.0 -
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Israelensis, serotype H-14 (3857)
Microbial Not Listed 2.72 0.22 3.00 12.5
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 2.54 0.31 30.0 4.00
Uses: Adjuvant
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Yes 2.40 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Piperonyl butoxide, technical, other related (90486)
Unclassified Not Listed 2.30 0.09 98.5 25.0
Uses: Synergist
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 1.97 0.39 43.0 5.00
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1.71 0.09 37.0 20.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Rotenone, other related (90518)
Botanical Not Listed 1.42 0.0066 47.5 169.0
Uses: Insecticide
Rotenone (518)
Botanical Not Listed 1.42 0.0066 47.5 169.0
Uses: Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 1.41 0.14 30.0 10.0
Uses: Insecticide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 1.39 0.20 67.0 7.00
Uses: Insecticide
Diatomaceous earth (195)
Inorganic Not Listed 1.24 0.41 13.0 3.00
Uses: Insecticide, Molluscicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain HD-1 (4023)
Microbial Not Listed 1.24 - 1.00 -
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 0.81 0.04 37.0 20.0
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Mineral oil, petroleum distillates, solvent refined light (3846)
Petroleum derivative Not Listed 0.68 0.23 13.0 3.00
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Quillaja (3779)
Botanical Not Listed 0.55 0.0080 11.5 69.0
Uses: Fungicide, Nematicide
Polyacrylamide polymer (2111)
Polymer Not Listed 0.54 0.14 13.0 4.00
Uses: Adjuvant
Iron phosphate (5014)
Inorganic Not Listed 0.47 0.21 1.00 2.20
Uses: Molluscicide
Avermectin (2254)
Botanical, Macrocyclic Lactone Yes 0.35 0.01 80.5 28.2
Uses: Insecticide
Clethodim (3566)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 0.30 0.08 30.0 2.75
Uses: Herbicide
Carbo methoxy ether cellulose, sodium salt (2446)
Cellulose derivative Yes 0.27 0.0039 11.5 69.0
Uses: Insecticide
Trichoderma harzianum rifai strain KRL-AG2 (3977)
Microbial Not Listed 0.22 0.01 3.00 18.8
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Spices in 2009

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
4,297 1.02 815.9 3,499 1,642
Ventura (56)
1,585 0.99 182.8 907.0 671
San Diego (37)
1,239 0.95 59.0 1,304 362
Santa Barbara (42)
872.8 2.71 11.0 322.5 73
Santa Cruz (44)
354.2 0.77 220.5 423.6 193
Yolo (57)
58.6 0.42 37.0 140.0 3
Monterey (27)
57.6 0.62 36.0 93.2 14
San Mateo (41)
35.0 1.39 104.0 25.2 25
Riverside (33)
30.5 0.19 78.8 161.6 79
Merced (24)
28.5 0.68 20.0 42.0 3
Sonoma (49)
13.6 0.70 1.00 19.2 193
Imperial (13)
13.4 1.91 28.0 7.00 1
San Bernardino (36)
6.41 0.22 24.0 29.0 13
San Benito (35)
1.71 0.07 12.8 24.0 9
Los Angeles (19)
1.24 - 1.00 - 2
Stanislaus (50)
0.26 - - - 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.