PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Carbaryl - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Carbaryl

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Carbaryl
CAS Number: 63-25-2
U.S. EPA PC Code: 056801
CA DPR Chem Code: 105
Molecular Weight: 201.22
Molecular Structure:
Use Type: Insecticide , Nematicide , Plant Growth Regulator
Chem Class: N-Methyl Carbamate
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type

See the Global Pesticide Resources page for many additional links.

Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Tomatoes for Processing   Oranges   Apples   Cherries   Olives  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
00105 (CA DPR Chem Code Text) , 00105 (CA DPR Chem Code) , 056801 (US EPA PC Code Text) , 1-Naphthyl-N-methylcarbamate , 1-Naphthylmethylcarbamate , 102 (PDP Code) , 105 (CA DPR Chem Code) , 105 (CA DPR Chem Code) , 56801 (US EPA PC Code) , 63-25-2 (CAS number) , 63252 , 63252 (CAS number without hyphens) , Carbamic acid, methyl-, 1-naphthyl ester , Carbamine , Carbaril , Carbarilo , Carbaryl , Carbaryl , Carbaryl (1-naphthy-N-methyl carbamate). , Carbaryl (ANSI) , Carbaryl [1-Naphthalenol, methylcarbamate] , Carbatox , Carpolin , Cekubaryl , Denapon , Devicarb , Dicarbam , Hexavin , Karbaril , Karbaspray , Methylcarbamate 1-naphthalenol , Methylcarbamate 1-naphthol , Methylcarbamic acid, 1-naphthyl ester , N-Methyl-alpha-naphthylurethan , NAC , OMS 29 , Panam , Ravyon , Savit , Septene , Sevimol , Sevin , Tercyl , Tricarnam , UC-7744
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Carbaryl Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Carbaryl is a moderate toxicity Carbamate compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with moderate toxicity Carbamate Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

Moderate Toxicity Carbamate Pesticides:
- Malaise, muscle weakness, dizziness, and sweating.
- Headache, salivation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
- Central nervous system depression and pulmonary edema.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 5.

Treatment for moderate toxicity Carbamate Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 5, page 50.

 
Symptoms of Carbaryl Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!
General First Aid: IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Convulsions. Dizziness. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Pupillary constriction muscle cramp excessive salivation. Fresh air rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Pupillary constriction. (Further see Inhalation). Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. Pain. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting. Pupillary constriction muscle cramps excessive salivation. Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. Do NOT take working clothes home. Seffein Rouyon Dicarbam Derba Sevin are trade names.
 

Toxicity Information for Carbaryl

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Moderate
Potential
Suspected
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Additional Resources about the Toxicity of this Chemical

See the Global Pesticide Resources page for many additional links.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
Carbaryl
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
II, Moderately Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
Moderately Toxic
No NTP Studies

Yes
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Carbaryl
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Yes
Likely
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Carbaryl
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Suspected
Yes
Yes
Yes
Not listed
Yes
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Carbaryl
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Carbaryl
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Carbaryl

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Potential
 
Physical Property Data Related to Water Contamination Potential
Water Solubility (Avg, mg/L)
Adsorption Coefficient (Koc)
Hydrolysis Half-life (Avg, Days)
Aerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
Anaerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
116.0
326.0
12.0
6.00
87.0
 
 

Water Standards and Criteria

U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 0  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG)  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 1,000  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 1,000  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Reference Dose 10.0 (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level 400.0  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000 4,000  
Canada Drinking Water Standards and Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Acceptable Concentration (MAC) 90.0
Interim Maximum Acceptable Concentration (IMAC)
Aesthetic Objectives
WHO Water Quality Criteria
Description Generally occurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at which toxic effects may occur
Notes Notes: n
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life
g/L unless noted  
Fresh Water Guidelines 0.20 Notes: i
Salt Water Guidelines 0.32 Notes: c,i
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Agricultural Water Uses
g/L unless noted  
Irrigation Water Guidelines
Livestock Water Guidelines 1100
 

Regulatory Information for Carbaryl

International Regulatory Status

Registration in Selected Countries Registration in Selected Countries:
Carbaryl

 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
Yes
Yes
No

Yes
Potential
HAPTAC, Pesti
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Carbaryl

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Growth, Histology, Immunological, Injury, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Annelida Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Enzyme(s), Histology, Intoxication, Mortality, Population
AquaticPlants Accumulation, Mortality, Physiology, Population
Crustaceans Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Growth, Histology, Intoxication, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population
Echinoderms Development, Mortality
Fish Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Hormone(s), Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Insects Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Intoxication, Mortality, Population, Reproduction
Molluscs Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
NematodesandFlatworms Population
Phytoplankton Accumulation, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Mortality, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Development, Enzyme(s), Growth, Injury, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Growth, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
~Un-Assigned Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Moderately Toxic Slight to Moderate Toxicity
Annelida Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
Crustaceans Moderately Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Fish Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
Insects Highly Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
Molluscs Slightly Toxic Slight to Moderate Toxicity
Phytoplankton Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Zooplankton Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
~ Un-Assigned Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
HoneybeesHighly ToxicHighly Toxic
Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Carbaryl

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Registration Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
63-25-2 Parent P Carbaryl View View View View Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide Yes Yes
90-15-3 Related 5a 1-Naphthol View View View View Breakdown product No Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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