PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Acetic acid - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

This database and website are updated and enhanced by Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA). The project is made possible by our Sponsors and by PANNA general funds. We need your support to maintain and improve this system. Please support the database and website — donate to PANNA.

Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Acetic acid

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Acetic acid
CAS Number: 64-19-7 (Glacial acetic acid, 100%)
8028-52-2 (4-10% by volume)
U.S. EPA PC Code: 044001
844001
CA DPR Chem Code: 933
Molecular Weight: 60.05
Molecular Structure:
Use Type: Fungicide , Herbicide , Microbiocide , pH Adjustment
Chem Class:
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Landscape   Uncultivated Agricultural Area   Table and Raisin Grapes   Oranges   Celery  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , (US EPA PC Code ) , 044001 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 64-19-7 (CAS number) , 64197 , 64197 (CAS number without hyphens) , 8028-52-2 (CAS number) , 8028522 (CAS number without hyphens) , 844001 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 933 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , Acetic acid , ACETIC ACID (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , Acetic acid - glacial , Aceticacid , Acide acetique , Acido Acetico , ChemStor, component of (with 077702) , ChemStor, component of (with 077702) , Essigs?ure , Ethanoic acid , Vinegar , Vinegar (maximum 8% acetic acid in solution)
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Acetic acid Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Symptoms of Acetic acid Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! AVOID ALL CONTACT!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Burning sensation. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes). Fresh air rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Redness. Skin burns. Pain. Blisters. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. Pain. Loss of vision. Severe deep burns. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse. Sore throat. Vomiting. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation is therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her should be considered. Other UN numbers: UN 2790 acetic acid solution (10-80% acetic acid); UN hazard class 8.
 

Toxicity Information for Acetic acid

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Not Listed Moderate
No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
Acetic acid
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Not Acutely Toxic to Moderately Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Acetic acid
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Requirement for carcinogenicity studies waived
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Acetic acid
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Acetic acid
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Acetic acid
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Acetic acid

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data
 
Physical Property Data Related to Water Contamination Potential
Water Solubility (Avg, mg/L)
Adsorption Coefficient (Koc)
Hydrolysis Half-life (Avg, Days)
Aerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
Anaerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
1,000,000
117.0
-
0.05
-
 
 

Sorry, no water quality standards or criteria have been established for this chemical by the U.S. or Canadian governments; however, there may be criteria established for related chemicals.

 

Regulatory Information for Acetic acid

International Regulatory Status

 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
Yes
Not Listed
No

Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Acetic acid

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Development, Mortality
Annelida Mortality
AquaticPlants Growth, Population, Reproduction
Crustaceans Mortality
Fish Avoidance, Behavior, Development, Feeding Behavior, Growth, Histology, Mortality, Physiology, Reproduction
Fungi Population
Insects Mortality
MarineBenthicCommunity Reproduction
Molluscs Intoxication
Phytoplankton Behavior, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Behavior, Enzyme(s), Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology, Population
~ Un-Assigned Growth, Mortality
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Annelida Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Crustaceans Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Fish Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic
Insects Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Zooplankton Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Acetic acid

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
64-19-7, 8028-52-2 Parent P Acetic acid View View View Herbicide, Microbiocide, Fungicide, pH Adjustment Yes Not Listed
126-96-5 Related 1 Acetic acid, sodium salt (2:1) View View View Fungicide, Microbiocide, pH Adjustment Yes Not Listed
631-61-8 Related 1 Ammonium acetate View View View Fungicide, Microbiocide, pH Adjustment No Not Listed
62-54-4, 5743-26-0 Related 1 Calcium acetate View View View Bait Yes Not Listed
127-08-2 Related 1 Potassium acetate View View View Fungicide, Microbiocide, pH Adjustment No Not Listed
8068-63-1 Related 13 Propanoic acid, mixt. With acetic acid View View View No Not Listed
127-09-3 Related 1 Sodium acetate View View View Fungicide, Microbiocide, pH Adjustment No Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

To print this page, choose Print. To export this data, choose Save As 'HTML Source' and open it in Excel or equivalent program.