PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Dinoseb - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Dinoseb

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Dinoseb
CAS Number: 88-85-7
U.S. EPA PC Code: 037505
CA DPR Chem Code: 238
Molecular Weight: 240.24
Use Type: Defoliant , Herbicide
Chem Class: Dinitrophenol derivative
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Peaches   Right of Way   Almonds   Outdoor Container Nursery  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , 031 (PDP Code) , 037505 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 2-(1-Methylpropyl)-4,6-dinitrophenol , 2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol , 238 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 4,6-Dinitro-o-sec-butylphenol , 88-85-7 (CAS number) , 88857 , 88857 (CAS number without hyphens) , Basanite , Caldon , Chemox General , Chemox PE , Chemsect , Dinitro , Dinitro General , Dinitro-3 , Dinitrobutyl phenol (Dinoseb) , Dinoseb , Dinoseb (ANSI) , DINOSEB (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , DNBP , Dynamite , Hel-Fire , Kiloseb , Nitropone C , Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)-4,6-dinitro- , Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)-4,6-dinitro- (9CI) , Sinox General , Subitex , Unicrop DNBP , Vertac Dinitro Weed Killer 5 , Vertac General Weed Killer
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Dinoseb Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Dinoseb is a Dinitrophenol compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Dinitrophenol Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

- Sweating, thirst, fever, headache, confusion, malaise, and restlessness.
- Hyperthermia, tachycardia, tachypnea in serious cases.
- Characteristic bright yellow staining of skin and hair present with topical exposure.
- Chronic occupational exposure has been shown to lead to cataracts and sometimes glaucoma.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 11.

Treatment for Dinitrophenol Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 11, page 106.

 
Symptoms of Dinoseb Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!
General First Aid: IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Blue skin. Convulsions. Headache. Sweating. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness. Fresh air rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! (Further see Inhalation). Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Temporary loss of vision. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Vomiting. (Further see Inhalation). Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
Temperature of decomposition unknown in literature. If the pesticide is present under the form of a formulation containing hydrocarbon solvents vomiting may not be induced. Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties. Do NOT take working clothes home. Aatox Aretit BNP 20 BNP 30 Basanite Butaphene Caldon Chemox General Chemox PE Desicoil Dibutox Dinitrall DN 289 Dow General Dytop Fanicide Gebutox Hivertox HOE 26150 Ivosit Kiloseb Knowx-Weed Ladob Laseb Nitropone C Persevtox Phenotan Premerge Sinox General Sparic Spurge Subitex and Unicrop are trade names.
 

Toxicity Information for Dinoseb

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Possible No
Suspected
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
Dinoseb
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
Highly Toxic
Moderately to Highly Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Dinoseb
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
C, Possible
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Dinoseb
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Dinoseb
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Yes
Yes
Not Listed
Yes
Yes
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Dinoseb
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Dinoseb

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data
 
Physical Property Data Related to Water Contamination Potential
Water Solubility (Avg, mg/L)
Adsorption Coefficient (Koc)
Hydrolysis Half-life (Avg, Days)
Aerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
Anaerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
52.0
30.0
-
18.0
-
 
 

Water Standards and Criteria

U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 7.00  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) 7.00  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 300.0  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 300.0  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level 7.00  
Reference Dose 1.00 (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level 35.0  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
Canada Drinking Water Standards and Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Acceptable Concentration (MAC) 10.0
Interim Maximum Acceptable Concentration (IMAC)
Aesthetic Objectives
WHO Water Quality Criteria
Description Unlikely to occur in drinking-water
Notes Notes: e
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life
g/L unless noted  
Fresh Water Guidelines .05
Salt Water Guidelines
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Agricultural Water Uses
g/L unless noted  
Irrigation Water Guidelines 16
Livestock Water Guidelines 150
 

Regulatory Information for Dinoseb

International Regulatory Status

 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide

Yes
Yes
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
No
Not Listed
No

No
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Dinoseb

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Mortality
AquaticPlants Biochemistry, Physiology
Crustaceans Mortality
Fish Accumulation, Behavior, Development, Growth, Mortality, Population
Insects Mortality
Molluscs Intoxication, Mortality
Phytoplankton Biochemistry, Enzyme(s), Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Zooplankton Growth, Mortality
~ Un-Assigned Mortality, Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Crustaceans Moderately Toxic Slight to Moderate Toxicity
Fish Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Insects Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
Molluscs Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Zooplankton Moderately Toxic Moderate to High Toxicity
~ Un-Assigned Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
HoneybeesSlightly ToxicSlightly Toxic
Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Dinoseb

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
88-85-7 Parent P Dinoseb View View View Herbicide, Defoliant No Yes
485-31-4 Related 1 Binapacryl View View View Herbicide No Yes
53404-43-6 Related 1 Diethanolamine dinoseb ( 2-sec-butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol ) View View View Herbicide No Not Listed
2813-95-8 Related 1 Dinoseb acetate View View View Herbicide No Not Listed
x88-85-7 Related 1 Dinoseb and dinoseb salts View View View Herbicide No Not Listed
8048-12-2 Related 1 Dinoseb, amine salt View View View Herbicide, Defoliant No Not Listed
6365-83-9 Related 1 Dinoseb, ammonium salt View View View Herbicide, Defoliant No Not Listed
35040-03-0 Related 1 Dinoseb, sodium salt View View View Herbicide, Defoliant No Not Listed
6420-47-9 Related 1 Dinoseb, triethanolamine salt View View View Herbicide, Defoliant No Not Listed
8075-57-8 Related 13 Premerge plus (naptalam with dinoseb) View View View Herbicide No Not Listed
59915-53-6 Related 1,13 Sodium naptalam with sodium dinoseb View View View Herbicide No Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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