PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Dibutyl phthalate - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Dibutyl phthalate

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Dibutyl phthalate
CAS Number: 84-69-5 (Isobutyl isomer)
84-74-2 (n-butyl isomer)
U.S. EPA PC Code: 028001
900127
CA DPR Chem Code: 199 (Dibutyl phthalate. Two chem codes for the same compound.)
3081 (n-Butyl phthalate. Two chem codes for the same compound.)
Molecular Weight: 278.35
Use Type: Building materials , Dye , Fuel or fuel additive , Insect Repellent , Insecticide , Lubricant , Paints, coatings, resins , Polymer production , Solvent
Chem Class: Alkyl Phthalate
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , (US EPA PC Code ) , 028001 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, 1,2-Dibutyl ester , 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, Bis(2-methylpropyl) ester , 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, dibutyl ester , 199 (CA DPR Chem Code) (Dibutyl phthalate. Two chem codes for the same compound.)) , 3081 (CA DPR Chem Code) (Dibutyl phthalate. Two chem codes for the same compound.)) , 84-69-5 (CAS number) , 84-74-2 (CAS number) , 84695 (CAS number without hyphens) , 84742 , 84742 (CAS number without hyphens) , 900127 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , DBP , Di-n-butyl phthalate , Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) , Di-n-butylphtalate , Dibutyl phthalate , Dibutyl phthalate (SEE COMMENTS) , Dibutylphthalate , DIBUTYLPHTHALATE (CA DPR Chem Code Text (Dibutyl phthalate. Two chem codes for the same compound.)) , Diisobutyl phthalate , n-Butyl phthalate , N-BUTYL PHTHALATE (CA DPR Chem Code Text (Dibutyl phthalate. Two chem codes for the same compound.)) , Phthalic acid, dibutyl ester
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Dibutyl phthalate Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Dibutyl phthalate is a Alkyl Phthalate compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Alkyl Phthalate Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

- Strongly irritating to eyes and mucous membranes.
- Low systemic toxicity, but ingestions of large doses cause gastrointestinal irritation, central nervous system depression, coma and hypotension.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 8.

Treatment for Alkyl Phthalate Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 8, page 74.

 
Symptoms of Dibutyl phthalate Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Fresh air rest.
Skin Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
Eyes Redness. Pain. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting. Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
 

Toxicity Information for Dibutyl phthalate

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Not Acutely Toxic Unclassifiable No
Suspected
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Not Acutely Toxic

No
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Not Acutely Toxic to Highly Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
D, Unclassifiable, insufficient data
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
B2, Probable
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not listed
Yes
Not Listed
Not listed
Yes
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Yes
Not Listed
Yes
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Dibutyl phthalate

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 

Water Standards and Criteria

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
  Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 0  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG)  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Reference Dose 100.0 (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level 4,000  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
U.S. National Water Quality Criteria
g/L unless noted  
  Dibutyl phthalate Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Maximum Peak  
Salt Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure
Salt Water Quality Criteria Max
Human Consumption of Organisms from Water Source 4,500 Notes: b
Human Consumption of Water and Organisms from Water Source 2,000 Notes: b
Taste and Odor Criteria
 

Regulatory Information for Dibutyl phthalate

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

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Ecotoxicity for Dibutyl phthalate

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Genetics, Mortality
Annelida Mortality
Crustaceans Mortality
Echinoderms Mortality
Fish Mortality
Fish Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Reproduction
Insects Accumulation, Development, Intoxication, Mortality
Molluscs Mortality
NematodesandFlatworms Growth, Mortality
Phytoplankton Accumulation, Growth, Mortality, Population
Zooplankton Mortality
Zooplankton Accumulation, Behavior, Development, Feeding Behavior, Growth, Intoxication, Mortality, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Accumulation, Mortality, Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Fish Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Zooplankton Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
Annelida Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
Crustaceans Slightly Toxic
Echinoderms Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
Fish Moderately Toxic Moderate to High Toxicity
Insects Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
Molluscs Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
NematodesandFlatworms Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Phytoplankton Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Zooplankton Moderately Toxic Moderate to High Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Dibutyl phthalate

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
117-81-7 Parent P Di-ethyl hexyl phthalate View View View No Yes
85-68-7 Related 2 Butyl benzyl phthalate View View View Polymer production No Yes
84-75-3 Related 2 Di-n-hexyl phthalate View View View Polymer production No Yes
131-18-0 Related 2 Di-n-pentylphthalate (DPP) View View View No Not Listed
84-74-2, 84-69-5 Related 2 Dibutyl phthalate View View View Insect Repellent, Insecticide No Yes
84-61-7 Related 2 Dicyclohexyl phthalate View View View No Not Listed
84-66-2 Related 2 Diethyl phthalate View View View No Not Listed
26761-40-0, 68515-49-1 Related 2 Diisodecyl phthalate View View View Polymer production No Yes
68515-48-0 Related 2 Diisononyl phthalate View View View No Yes
131-11-3 Related 2 Dimethyl phthalate View View View Insect Repellent No Not Listed
117-84-0 Related P Dioctyl phthalate View View View Polymer production No Yes
84-62-8 Related 2 Diphenyl phthalate View View View No Not Listed
27554-26-3 Related 2 Isooctyl phthalate View View View No Not Listed
131-70-4 Related 2 Mono-n-butylphthalate View View View No Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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