PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Copper sulfate (anhydrous) - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Copper sulfate (anhydrous)

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Copper sulfate (anhydrous)
CAS Number: 7758-98-7
U.S. EPA PC Code: 024408
CA DPR Chem Code: 1778
Molecular Weight: 159.61
Use Type: Algaecide , Fungicide , Molluscicide
Chem Class: Inorganic-Copper
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Wine Grapes  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , 024408 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 1778 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 7758-98-7 (CAS number) , 7758987 , 7758987 (CAS number without hyphens) , Copper sulfate (anhydrous) , COPPER SULFATE (ANHYDROUS) (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , Copper sulphate (anhydrous) , Copper(2+) sulfate , Copper(2+) sulfate (1:1) , Coppersulfateanhydrous , Cupric sulfate anhydrous , Sulfuric acid copper(2+) salt (1:1) , Sulfuric acid copper(2+) salt (1:1)
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Copper sulfate (anhydrous) is a Copper compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Copper Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

- Soluble salts are corrosive to mucous membranes and the cornea.
- Organic copper compounds are more absorbable and exhibit greater systemic toxicity than inorganic compounds.
- Irritation of skin, eyes, and respiratory tract, particularly to eyes.
- Metallic taste, nausea, vomiting and stomach pain.
- In more severe cases, there may be blood in vomit or black or tarry stools, jaundice and enlarged liver. Blood cells rupture resulting in circulatory collapse and shock.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 15.

Treatment for Copper Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 15, page 146.

 
Symptoms of Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

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NOTE! PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Fresh air rest.
Skin Redness. Pain. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
Eyes Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Shock or collapse. Vomiting. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
 

Toxicity Information for Copper sulfate (anhydrous)

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Not Listed Moderate Not Likely No
Suspected
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Copper sulfate (pentahydrate)
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
II, Moderately Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
No NTP Studies

No
II, Moderately Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available

Moderately Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Copper sulfate (pentahydrate)
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Likely
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Likely
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Copper sulfate (pentahydrate)
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Copper sulfate (pentahydrate)
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Copper sulfate (pentahydrate)
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Copper sulfate (anhydrous)

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  Copper sulfate (anhydrous) Copper sulfate (pentahydrate)
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 

Sorry, no water quality standards or criteria have been established for this chemical by the U.S. or Canadian governments; however, there may be criteria established for related chemicals.

 

Regulatory Information for Copper sulfate (anhydrous)

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
No
Not Listed
No

No
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
No

Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Copper sulfate (anhydrous)

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Growth, Morphology, Mortality, Population
Annelida Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Immunological, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
AquaticPlants Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Ecosystem Process, Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Injury, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Cnidaria Development, Feeding Behavior, Growth, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Crustaceans Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Hormone(s), Immunological, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Echinoderms Biochemistry, Development, Genetics, Growth, Mortality, Reproduction
Fish Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Hormone(s), Immunological, Injury, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Fungi Accumulation, Growth, Histology, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Insects Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Ecosystem Process, Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
MarineBenthicCommunity Cell(s), Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Immunological, Mortality, Population
Molluscs Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Hormone(s), Immunological, Injury, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
NematodesandFlatworms Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Feeding Behavior, Growth, Hormone(s), Immunological, Injury, Mortality, Population, Reproduction
Phytoplankton Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Ecosystem Process, Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Histology, Injury, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
TerrestrialPlants Accumulation, Biochemistry, Development, Growth, Population, Reproduction
Zooplankton Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Hormone(s), Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Immunological, Injury, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
~Un-Assigned Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Annelida Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
AquaticPlants Slightly Toxic Slight to Moderate Toxicity
Cnidaria Very Highly Toxic Very Highly Toxic
Crustaceans Slightly Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Very High Toxicity
Echinoderms Very Highly Toxic Very Highly Toxic
Fish Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
Insects Slightly Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
MarineBenthicCommunity Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Molluscs Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
NematodesandFlatworms Moderately Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Phytoplankton Moderately Toxic Moderate to High Toxicity
Zooplankton Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
~ Un-Assigned Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Copper sulfate (anhydrous)

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
7758-99-8, 12527-76-3 Parent P Copper sulfate (pentahydrate) View View View Algaecide, Fungicide, Insecticide, Water Treatment, Molluscicide Yes Not Listed
Related 4 Copper compounds View View View Fungicide, Herbicide No Not Listed
7758-98-7 Related 4 Copper sulfate (anhydrous) View View View Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide No Not Listed
1333-22-8, 1344-73-6, 1332-14-5, 8011-63-0, 1332-03-2 Related 4 Copper sulfate (basic) View View View Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide Yes Not Listed
Related 4 Copper sulfate ethylene diamine View View View No Not Listed
10257-54-2 Related 4 Copper sulfate, monohydrate View View View Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide No Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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