PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Copper - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Copper

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Copper
CAS Number: 7440-50-8
U.S. EPA PC Code: 022501
722501
822501
CA DPR Chem Code: 714
Molecular Weight: 63.55
Molecular Structure:
Use Type: Fungicide
Chem Class: Inorganic-Copper
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Oranges   Table and Raisin Grapes   Wine Grapes   Wood Treatment   Lemons  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , (US EPA PC Code ) , (US EPA PC Code ) , 022501 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 714 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 722501 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 7440-50-8 (CAS number) , 7440508 , 7440508 (CAS number without hyphens) , 822501 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , Allbri Natural Copper , Anac 110 , Bronze Powder , C.I. 77400 , C.I. Pigment Metal 2 , C.I.Pigment Metal 2 , Cathode copper , CDA 102 , CDA 122 , Cobre , Copper , Copper (at tap) , COPPER (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , Copper (metallic) , Copper as elemental , Copper bronze , Copper M1 , Copper powder , Copper powder, metallic , Copper precipitates , Copper slag-airborne , Copper slag-milled , Cu M2 , Cu M3 , cuivre , E-Copper , Electrolytic refinery cathode copper , Koper
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Copper Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Copper is a Copper compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Copper Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

- Soluble salts are corrosive to mucous membranes and the cornea.
- Organic copper compounds are more absorbable and exhibit greater systemic toxicity than inorganic compounds.
- Irritation of skin, eyes, and respiratory tract, particularly to eyes.
- Metallic taste, nausea, vomiting and stomach pain.
- In more severe cases, there may be blood in vomit or black or tarry stools, jaundice and enlarged liver. Blood cells rupture resulting in circulatory collapse and shock.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 15.

Treatment for Copper Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 15, page 146.

 
Symptoms of Copper Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Cough. Headache. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Fresh air rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Redness. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Eyes Redness. Pain. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
The symptoms of metal fume fever do not become manifest until several hours.
 

Toxicity Information for Copper

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Not Listed
Unclassifiable No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
Copper
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available

No NTP Studies

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Copper
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
D, Unclassifiable, inadequate data
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Copper
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Copper
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Copper
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Copper

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data
 

Water Standards and Criteria

U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 0 Notes: H6  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) 1,300  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Reference Dose (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
U.S. National Water Quality Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Maximum Peak Freshwater crite Notes: mm  
Salt Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure 3.10 Notes: d,cc,ff
Salt Water Quality Criteria Max 4.80 Notes: d,cc,ff
Human Consumption of Organisms from Water Source
Human Consumption of Water and Organisms from Water Source 1,300 Notes: u
Taste and Odor Criteria 1,000
WHO Water Quality Criteria
Description Staining of laundry and sanitary ware may occur below guideline value
Concentration (μg/l unless otherwise noted) 2000.0
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life
g/L unless noted  
Fresh Water Guidelines 2-4 Notes: m
Salt Water Guidelines
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Agricultural Water Uses
g/L unless noted  
Irrigation Water Guidelines 200−1
Livestock Water Guidelines 500−50
 

Regulatory Information for Copper

International Regulatory Status

 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
Yes
Not Listed
No

Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Copper

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Accumulation, Biochemistry, Development, Growth, Mortality
Annelida Accumulation, Behavior, Growth, Histology, Mortality, Physiology
AquaticPlants Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Enzyme(s), Growth, Mortality, Physiology, Population
Cnidaria Mortality
Crustaceans Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Immunological, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology
Echinoderms Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Reproduction
Fish Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Hormone(s), Immunological, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Insects Accumulation, Development, Growth, Mortality, Physiology, Population
MarineBenthicCommunity Mortality, Population
Molluscs Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Injury, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Reproduction
NematodesandFlatworms Behavior, Development, Mortality, Reproduction
Phytoplankton Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Ecosystem Process, Enzyme(s), Growth, Histology, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
TerrestrialPlants Accumulation, Biochemistry, Growth
Zooplankton Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Growth, Histology, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Histology, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Highly Toxic High to Very High Toxicity
Annelida Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Cnidaria Very Highly Toxic Very Highly Toxic
Crustaceans Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
Echinoderms Very Highly Toxic Very Highly Toxic
Fish Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
Insects Moderately Toxic Moderate to High Toxicity
MarineBenthicCommunity Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Molluscs Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
NematodesandFlatworms Slightly Toxic Slight to Moderate Toxicity
Phytoplankton Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Zooplankton Highly Toxic High to Very High Toxicity
~ Un-Assigned Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Copper

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
7440-50-8 Parent P Copper View View View Fungicide Yes Not Listed
Related 4 Copper bronze powder View View View Antifoulant Yes Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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