PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Calcium cyanide - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Calcium cyanide

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Calcium cyanide
CAS Number: 592-01-8
U.S. EPA PC Code: 074001
CA DPR Chem Code: 176
Molecular Weight: 92.19
Use Type: Rodenticide
Chem Class: Inorganic
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , 074001 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 176 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 592-01-8 (CAS number) , 592018 , 592018 (CAS number without hyphens) , Calcium cyanide , CALCIUM CYANIDE (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , Calcium cyanide (Ca(CN)2) , Calcium cynide , Calciumcyanide
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Calcium cyanide Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Symptoms of Calcium cyanide Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! STRICT HYGIENE!
General First Aid: IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Chest tightness. Confusion. Convulsions. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Weakness. Red coloration of the skin. Fresh air rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. (Further see Inhalation). Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. See Notes.
Eyes Redness. Pain. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Burning sensation in the throat and chest. (Further see Inhalation). Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
Notes for ICSC Information
Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. No odour warning if toxic concentrations are present. Do NOT take working clothes home.
 

Toxicity Information for Calcium cyanide

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
Calcium cyanide Sodium cyanide
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Ia, Extremely Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Highly Toxic

No
Ib, Highly Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
Highly Toxic
Highly Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Calcium cyanide Sodium cyanide
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
No data available
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Calcium cyanide Sodium cyanide
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Calcium cyanide Sodium cyanide
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Calcium cyanide Sodium cyanide
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Calcium cyanide

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  Calcium cyanide Sodium cyanide
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 

Sorry, no water quality standards or criteria have been established for this chemical by the U.S. or Canadian governments; however, there may be criteria established for related chemicals.

 

Regulatory Information for Calcium cyanide

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
Yes
Yes
No

Yes
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesti
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Calcium cyanide

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted

No effects noted for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no acute aquatic ecotoxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Calcium cyanide

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
143-33-9 Parent P Sodium cyanide View View View Rodenticide Yes Yes
592-01-8 Related 1 Calcium cyanide View View View Rodenticide No Yes
544-92-3 Related 1 Copper cyanide View View View No Not Listed
57-12-5 Related 1 Cyanide ion View View View Breakdown product No Not Listed
506-77-4 Related 1 Cyanogen chloride View View View No Not Listed
74-90-8 Related 1 Hydrocyanic acid View View View Fumigant No Yes
151-50-8 Related 1 Potassium cyanide View View View Rodenticide No Yes
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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