PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Sodium fluoride - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Sodium fluoride

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Sodium fluoride
CAS Number: 7681-49-4
U.S. EPA PC Code: 075202
875202
CA DPR Chem Code: 537
Molecular Weight: 41.99
Use Type: Insecticide , Wood Preservative
Chem Class: Inorganic
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Right of Way  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , (US EPA PC Code ) , 075202 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 537 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 7681-49-4 (CAS number) , 7681494 , 7681494 (CAS number without hyphens) , 875202 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , Alcoa sodium fluoride , Antibulit , FDA 0101 , Floridine , Florocid , Fluoride, sodium , Fluorides, Hydrogen Fluoride,and Fluorine , Fluorol , Fluoruro Sodico , Flura drops , Flursol , Fungol B , Karidium , Les-Cav , Luride , NCI-C55221 , Pediaflor , Pergantene , Roach salt , Sodium fluoride , SODIUM FLUORIDE (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , Sodium fluoride (NaF) , Sodium hydrofluoride , Sodium monofluoride , Sodiumfluoride , T-Fluoride , Villiaumite , Zymafluor
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Sodium fluoride Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Symptoms of Sodium fluoride Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Fresh air rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Redness. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. Pain. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Convulsions. Cough. Diarrhoea. Drowsiness. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Symptoms of Sodium fluoride Exposure from Other Sources

- Irrirarion to skin, eyes or respiration tract. Localized or generalized urticaria; pruitus.
- Salivation, nausea.
- Polyuria and polydipsia have also been reported.
- Burning or crampy abdominal pain, intense vomiting and diarrhea, often with hematemesis and melena. Dehydration and thirst.
- Muscle weakness, tremors and rarely transient epileptiform convulsions, preceded or followed by progressive central nervous depression (lethargy, coma, and respiratory arrest, even in the absence of circulatory failure).
- Shock characterized by pallor, weak and thready pulse (sometimes irregular), shallow unlabored respiration, weak heart sounds, wet cold skin, cyanosis, anuria, dilated pupils, followed almost invariably by death in 2 to 4 hours.
- Even in the absence of shock, arrhythmias may occur, especially multiple episodes of ventricular fibrillation leading eventually to cardiac arrest.
- Carpopedal spasm and painful spasms of the extremities.
- Hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic and/or respiratory acidosis and sometimes hyperkalemia.
-Weakness, tremors, shallow respiration.
- Gastrointestinal signs and symptoms predominate. Other effects include headache, numbness, hypotension, and dysrhymias.
- Respiratory and mucous membrane irritation.
- Hyperactive reflexes, painful muscle spasms.

Source for Symptoms: Hazardous Substances Data Bank, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. March 2003. (HSDB)

First Aid for Sodium fluoride Poisoning

For Inhalation
- Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
For Skin
- Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved, and take precautions to protect themselves.
For Eyes
- In case of contact with substance, immediately flush eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. .
For Ingestion
- Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved, and take precautions to protect themselves.
Seek Medical Attention.

Source for First Aid: (NTP)

Treatment for Sodium fluoride Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA (EPA R&M)

 
 

Toxicity Information for Sodium fluoride

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Unclassifiable No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
Sodium fluoride
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
II, Moderately Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
Highly Toxic
Moderately Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Sodium fluoride
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Not Listed
D, Unclassifiable, no reason given
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Sodium fluoride
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Sodium fluoride
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Sodium fluoride
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Sodium fluoride

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data
 

Water Standards and Criteria

U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 4,000  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) 4,000  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level Notes: H8  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Reference Dose 60.0 (g/kg/day) Notes: H9  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
 

Regulatory Information for Sodium fluoride

International Regulatory Status

 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
Yes
Not Listed
No

Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Sodium fluoride

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
AquaticPlants Accumulation, Growth
Crustaceans Accumulation, Biochemistry, Enzyme(s), Growth, Mortality, Physiology
Echinoderms Development
Fish Accumulation, Avoidance, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Histology, Mortality, Physiology
Fungi Physiology
Insects Behavior, Growth, Intoxication, Mortality
Molluscs Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Growth, Mortality, Physiology
NematodesandFlatworms Mortality
Phytoplankton Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Enzyme(s), Mortality, Physiology, Population
TerrestrialPlants Growth
Zooplankton Avoidance, Behavior, Cell(s), Feeding Behavior, Growth, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Enzyme(s), Mortality, Physiology
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Crustaceans Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Fish Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Insects Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Molluscs Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Phytoplankton Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Zooplankton Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic
~ Un-Assigned Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Sodium fluoride

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
7681-49-4 Parent P Sodium fluoride View View View Wood Preservative, Insecticide Yes Yes
x7681-49-4 Related 13 Fluorides inorganic, used in drinking-water View View View Water Treatment No Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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