PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

1,1,1-trichloroethane - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for 1,1,1-trichloroethane

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: 1,1,1-trichloroethane
CAS Number: 71-55-6
U.S. EPA PC Code: 081201
800006
CA DPR Chem Code: 138
Molecular Weight: 133.4
Use Type: Solvent
Chem Class: Halogenated organic
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , (US EPA PC Code ) , 081201 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 1,1,1-trichloroethane , 1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , 111trichloroethane , 138 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 71-55-6 (CAS number) , 71556 , 71556 (CAS number without hyphens) , 800006 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , Ethane, 1,1,1-trichloro- , Methyl chloroform , Trichloroethane, 1,1,1-
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of 1,1,1-trichloroethane Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Symptoms of 1,1,1-trichloroethane Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Ataxia. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Fresh air rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Dry skin. Redness. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Eyes Redness. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Diarrhoea. Nausea. Vomiting. (Further see Inhalation). Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
Combustible vapour/air mixtures difficult to ignite may be developed under certain conditions. The substance burns only in excess oxygen or if a strong source of ignition is present. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance consult an expert. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface or during welding. Aerothene Algylen Trichloran Chlorylen Genklene Chlorothene NU Chlorothene VG and Solvent 111 are trade names.
 

Toxicity Information for 1,1,1-trichloroethane

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Moderate
No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
Moderately Toxic
Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic

No
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Not Listed
D, Unclassifiable, inadequate data
Yes
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Yes
C, Possible
Yes
 
Endocrine Disruption
1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for 1,1,1-trichloroethane

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 
Physical Property Data Related to Water Contamination Potential
Water Solubility (Avg, mg/L)
Adsorption Coefficient (Koc)
Hydrolysis Half-life (Avg, Days)
Aerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
Anaerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
1,300
-
-
-
-
 
 

Water Standards and Criteria

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
  1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 200.0  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) 200.0  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 100,000  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 40,000  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Reference Dose 2,000 (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level 70,000  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
U.S. National Water Quality Criteria
g/L unless noted  
  1,1,1-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Maximum Peak  
Salt Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure
Salt Water Quality Criteria Max
Human Consumption of Organisms from Water Source
Human Consumption of Water and Organisms from Water Source Notes: z
Taste and Odor Criteria
WHO Water Quality Criteria
Description Occurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at which toxic effects may occur
Notes Notes: n
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life
g/L unless noted  
Fresh Water Guidelines Insufficien
Salt Water Guidelines Insufficien
 

Regulatory Information for 1,1,1-trichloroethane

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for 1,1,1-trichloroethane

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Crustaceans Mortality
Fish Accumulation, Behavior, Growth, Intoxication, Mortality
Phytoplankton Biochemistry, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Behavior, Intoxication, Mortality, Reproduction
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Crustaceans Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Fish Slightly Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic
Zooplankton Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for 1,1,1-trichloroethane

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
79-34-5, 25322-20-7 Parent P 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane View View View Solvent, Fumigant No Yes
71-55-6 Related 2 1,1,1-trichloroethane View View View Solvent No Yes
79-00-5 Related 2 1,1,2-trichloroethane View View View Solvent No Yes
75-35-4, 156-59-2, 156-60-5 Related 2 Dichloroethylene, 1,1- View View View Impurity No Not Listed
67-72-1 Related 2 Hexachloroethane View View View Solvent No Yes
76-01-7 Related 2 Pentachloroethane View View View Solvent No Not Listed
127-18-4 Related 2 Tetrachloroethylene View View View Solvent No Yes
79-01-6 Related 2 Trichloro ethylene View View View Solvent No Yes
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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