PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Ferbam - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Ferbam

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Ferbam
CAS Number: 14484-64-1
U.S. EPA PC Code: 034801
CA DPR Chem Code: 288
Molecular Weight: 416.5
Use Type: Fungicide
Chem Class: Dithiocarbamate
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type

See the Global Pesticide Resources page for many additional links.

 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
00288 (CA DPR Chem Code Text) , 00288 (CA DPR Chem Code) , 034801 (US EPA PC Code Text) , 14484-64-1 (CAS number) , 14484641 , 14484641 (CAS number without hyphens) , 288 (CA DPR Chem Code) , 288 (CA DPR Chem Code) , 34801 (US EPA PC Code) , Carbamate , Carbamic acid, dimethylthio-, iron(3+) salt , Carbamodithioic acid, dimethyl-, iron complex , Ferbam , Ferbam , Ferbame , Fermate , Ferric dimethyldithiocarbamate , Iron, tris(dimethylcarbamodithioato-S,S')-, (OC-6-11)- , Tris(dimethyldithiocarbamato) iron
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Ferbam Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Ferbam is a Ethylenebisdithiocarbamate (EBDC) compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Ethylenebisdithiocarbamate (EBDC) Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

- Irritation of skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
- Skin sensitization.
- Chronic skin disease has been observed in occupationally exposed workers.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 15.

Treatment for Ethylenebisdithiocarbamate (EBDC) Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 15, pages 144 and 139.

 
Symptoms of Ferbam Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Fresh air rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Dry skin. Redness. Pain. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Eyes Redness. Pain. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Confusion. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
The substance is combustible but no flash point is available in literature. Exposure to ferbam may cause alcohol intolerance. Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties. Ferbam is often used in combinations with dithiocarbamates. Ferbeck Fermate Ferradow Hexaferb Karbam Black Knockmate and Trifungol are trade names.
 

Toxicity Information for Ferbam

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Slight
No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Additional Resources about the Toxicity of this Chemical

See the Global Pesticide Resources page for many additional links.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
Ferbam Ethylene thiourea
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
U, Unlikely to be Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
Slightly Toxic
No NTP Studies

No
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Slightly Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Ferbam Ethylene thiourea
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Not Listed
Likely
Not Listed
3, Unclassifiable
Reasonably Anticipated
Yes
B2, Probable
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Ferbam Ethylene thiourea
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Ferbam Ethylene thiourea
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Ferbam Ethylene thiourea
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Ferbam

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  Ferbam Ethylene thiourea
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 

Sorry, no water quality standards or criteria have been established for this chemical by the U.S. or Canadian governments; however, there may be criteria established for related chemicals.

 

Regulatory Information for Ferbam

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Registration in Selected Countries Registration in Selected Countries:
Ferbam

Registration for Selected Countries:
Ethylene thiourea

 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
Yes
Not Listed
No

No
Not Listed
Not Listed
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Ferbam

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Mortality
Crustaceans Behavior
Fish Biochemistry, Development, Growth, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology
Insects Mortality
Molluscs Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality
Phytoplankton Growth, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Mortality, Population
~ Un-Assigned Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
Fish Moderately Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Insects Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Molluscs Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Zooplankton Highly Toxic High to Very High Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
HoneybeesSlightly ToxicSlightly Toxic
Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Ferbam

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Registration Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
96-45-7 Parent P Ethylene thiourea View View View View Breakdown product, Impurity No Yes
5895-18-1 Related 1, 5a Calcium ethylenebis(dithiocarbamate) View View View View Microbiocide No Yes
3566-10-7 Related 1, 5a Diammonium ethylenebis(dithiocarbamate) View View View View Microbiocide No Yes
14484-64-1 Related 1, 5a Ferbam View View View View Fungicide Yes Yes
8018-01-7 Related 1, 5a Mancozeb View View View View Fungicide Yes Yes
12427-38-2 Related 1, 5a Maneb View View View View Fungicide Yes Yes
8005-46-7 Related 1, 5a Maneb and nickel sulfate hexahydrate (014505 + 050505) View View View View Fungicide No Yes
9006-42-2 Related 1, 5a Metiram View View View View Fungicide Yes Yes
142-59-6 Related 1, 5a Nabam View View View View Fungicide, Herbicide Yes Yes
22221-14-3 Related 1, 5a Potassium ammonium ethylenebis(dithiocarbamate) View View View View Microbiocide No Yes
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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