PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Xylene - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Xylene

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Xylene
CAS Number: 1330-20-7
U.S. EPA PC Code: 086802
CA DPR Chem Code: 622
Molecular Weight: 106.17
Use Type: Microbiocide , Solvent
Chem Class: Petroleum derivative-Aromatic
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Head Lettuce   Leaf Lettuce   Bok Choy   Landscape   Wine Grapes  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , 086802 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 1330-20-7 (CAS number) , 1330207 , 1330207 (CAS number without hyphens) , 622 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , Benzene, dimethyl- , Dimethylbenzene , Socal Aquatic Solvent 3501 , Xilenos , Xylene , XYLENE (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , Xylene (mixed isomers) , Xylenes , Xylenes(mixed isomers) , Xylenes, total , Xylol
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Xylene Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Xylene is a Petroleum-derived compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Petroleum-derived Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

Rapid respiration, cyanosis, tachycardia, and low-grade fever usually indicate frank hydrocarbon pneumonitis.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 18.

Treatment for Petroleum-derived Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 18, page 194.

 
 

Toxicity Information for Xylene

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Not Listed Slight Unclassifiable No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
Xylene Benzene
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available

Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic

No
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Xylene Benzene
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Not Listed
D, Unclassifiable, inadequate data
Not Listed
1, Known
Known
Yes
A, Known
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Xylene Benzene
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Xylene Benzene
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Xylene Benzene
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Xylene

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  Xylene Benzene
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 

Water Standards and Criteria

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
  Xylene Benzene
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 10,000  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) 10,000  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 40,000  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 40,000  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level  
Reference Dose 200.0 (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level 7,000  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
WHO Water Quality Criteria
Concentration (μg/l unless otherwise noted) 500.0
Notes Notes: C
 

Regulatory Information for Xylene

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesti
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Xylene

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Growth, Mortality
AquaticPlants Population
Crustaceans Avoidance, Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology
Fish Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Mortality, Physiology
Insects Accumulation, Avoidance, Development, Intoxication, Mortality
MarineBenthicCommunity Reproduction
Molluscs Behavior, Mortality, Physiology
Phytoplankton Growth, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Intoxication, Mortality, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Crustaceans Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Fish Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Molluscs Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Zooplankton Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Moderate Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Xylene

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
71-43-2 Parent P Benzene View View View Solvent, Fuel or fuel additive, Chemical intermediate, Impurity No Yes
68919-17-5, 67674-15-1, 68516-20-1 Related 15 Alkylated aromatic petroleum oil View View View Insecticide, Adjuvant No Yes
Related 15 Aromatic 100 View View View Insecticide, Solvent No Yes
Related 15 Aromatic 150 View View View Insecticide, Solvent No Yes
108-38-3, 106-42-3 Related 2 m- and p-Xylene View View View Solvent No Not Listed
64742-94-5 Related 15 Naphtha, heavy aromatic View View View Insecticide, Solvent No Yes
95-47-6 Related 2 o-Xylene View View View Solvent No Not Listed
68477-31-6, 63231-51-6, 64743-95-6 Related 15 Petroleum distillates, aromatic View View View Solvent, Herbicide, Insecticide No Yes
65996-79-4 Related 15 Solvent naphtha (coal),150-200 deg. C View View View Solvent No Not Listed
68920-06-9, 64742-95-6 Related 15 Solvent naphtha (petroleum), light aromatic View View View Solvent, Insecticide Yes Yes
108-88-3 Related 2 Toluene View View View Solvent No Yes
1330-20-7 Related 2 Xylene View View View Solvent, Microbiocide No Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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