PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Phenol - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Phenol

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Phenol
CAS Number: 108-95-2
U.S. EPA PC Code: 064001
800189
CA DPR Chem Code: 107
Molecular Weight: 94.11
Molecular Structure:
Use Type: Microbiocide , Nematicide
Chem Class: Phenol
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , (US EPA PC Code ) , 064001 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 107 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 108-95-2 (CAS number) , 108952 , 108952 (CAS number without hyphens) , 800189 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , Carbolic acid , Phenol , PHENOL (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , PHENOL - LIQUIFIED
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Phenol Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Phenol is a Phenol or Cresol compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Phenol or Cresol Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

- Highly corrosive.
- Caustic eye, skin, mouth and gastrointestinal injuries.
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Hypotension, myocardial failure, pulmonary edema, neurological changes, liver and renal toxicity, methemoglobinemia and hemolysis.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 19.

Treatment for Phenol or Cresol Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 19, page 203.

 
Symptoms of Phenol Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
General First Aid: IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Burning sensation. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes). Fresh air rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
Skin EASILY ABSORBED. Serious skin burns. Numbness. Convulsion. Collapse. Coma. Death. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. To remove substance use polyethylene glycol 300 or vegetable oil.
Eyes Redness. Pain. loss of vision. Permanent Severe deep burns. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Corrosive. Abdominal pain. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse. Sore throat. Smoky greenish-dark urine. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
Other UN numbers: 2312 (molten); 2821 (solution). Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her should be considered.
 

Toxicity Information for Phenol

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Unclassifiable No
Suspected
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
Phenol
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Available
Highly Toxic
Moderately Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Phenol
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Not Listed
D, Unclassifiable, inadequate data
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Phenol
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Phenol
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Phenol
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Phenol

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data
 

Water Standards and Criteria

U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 0  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG)  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 6,000  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 6,000  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level 2,000  
Reference Dose 300.0 (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level 11,000  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
U.S. National Water Quality Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Maximum Peak  
Salt Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure
Salt Water Quality Criteria Max
Human Consumption of Organisms from Water Source 860,000 Notes: ll,u
Human Consumption of Water and Organisms from Water Source 10,000 Notes: ll,u
Taste and Odor Criteria 300.0
 

Regulatory Information for Phenol

International Regulatory Status

 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
Yes
Yes
No

Yes
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesti
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Phenol

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Mortality, No Effect Coded
Annelida Behavior, Intoxication, Mortality
AquaticPlants Accumulation, Cell(s), Growth, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Cnidaria Population
Crustaceans Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology, Population
Echinoderms Development, No Effect Coded
Fish Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Hormone(s), Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Fungi Physiology
Insects Accumulation, Biochemistry, Development, Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology, Reproduction
Molluscs Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Cell(s), Development, Growth, Histology, Mortality, Physiology
NematodesandFlatworms Behavior, Mortality
Phytoplankton Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Development, Ecosystem Process, Enzyme(s), Genetics, Growth, Injury, Intoxication, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
Zooplankton Accumulation, Avoidance, Behavior, Cell(s), Development, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Growth, Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Avoidance, Behavior, Biochemistry, Enzyme(s), Growth, Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology, Population, Reproduction
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Annelida Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
AquaticPlants Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Crustaceans Slightly Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Very High Toxicity
Fish Slightly Toxic Slight to High Toxicity
Insects Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Moderate Toxicity
Molluscs Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic
NematodesandFlatworms Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Slightly Toxic
Phytoplankton Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Zooplankton Slightly Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Moderate Toxicity
~ Un-Assigned Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Phenol

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
108-95-2 Parent P Phenol View View View Microbiocide, Nematicide Yes Yes
2934-07-8 Related 2 2,4,6-triisopropyl phenol View View View No Not Listed
Related 2 Diisopropyl phenols View View View No Not Listed
25168-06-3 Related 2 Isopropyl phenol View View View Microbiocide No Not Listed
25154-52-3 Related 2 Nonyl phenol View View View Adjuvant No Not Listed
27193-86-8 Related 2 Phenol, dodecyl-, mixed isomers View View View No Not Listed
Related 1 Phenol, ferrous salt View View View No Not Listed
64743-03-9 Related 2 Phenols View View View Microbiocide, Herbicide No Not Listed
139-02-6 Related 1 Sodium phenate View View View Microbiocide Yes Not Listed
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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