PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Hexachlorocyclohexane - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Hexachlorocyclohexane

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Hexachlorocyclohexane
CAS Number: 608-73-1 (mixture of hexachlorocyclohexanes)
319-86-8 (delta-isomer)
U.S. EPA PC Code: 008901
CA DPR Chem Code:
Molecular Weight: 290.8
Molecular Structure:
Use Type: Insecticide
Chem Class: Organochlorine
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , 008901 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachloro(1a,2a,3a,4b,5a,6b)cyclohexane , 1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexachlorocyclohexane , 319-86-8 (CAS number) , 319868 (CAS number without hyphens) , 608-73-1 (CAS number) , 608731 , 608731 (CAS number without hyphens) , Benzene hexachloride , Benzene hexachloride gamma isomer of ------------------------------- % other isomers of ------------------------------ % , Benzene hexachloride, all isomers , Benzex , BHC , delta-HCH , delta-Hexachlorocyclohexane , Dol , Dolmix , epsilon-Hexachlorocyclohexane , Gammexane , HCH , HCH (mixed isomers) , HCH Hexachlorocyclohexane , HCH-isomer , HCH-isomers , Hexablanc , Hexachlorocyclohexane , hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) , HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE (MIXED ISOMERS) , Hexachlorocyclohexane (technical grade) , Hexachlorocyclohexane (under Lindane and Other Hexachlorocyclohexane , hexachlorohexane (HCH) , Hexafor , Hexamul , Hexapoudre , Hexyclan , Hilbeech , Kotol , Lindacol , Soprocide , technical Hexachlorocyclohexane
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Hexachlorocyclohexane Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Hexachlorocyclohexane is a Organochlorine compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Organochlorine Compounds
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- Hypersensitive to stimulation, sensation of prickling, tingling or creeping on skin.
- Headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, incoordination, tremor, mental confusion, hyperexcitable state.
- In severe cases: convulsions, seizures, coma and respiratory depression.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 6.

Treatment for Organochlorine Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 6, page 58.

 
Symptoms of Hexachlorocyclohexane Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN! AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!
General First Aid: IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Confusion. Dizziness. Headache. Vomiting. Weakness. Fresh air rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Drowsiness. Laboured breathing. Vomiting. Tremors. Muscles spasms. Depression. Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
Boiling point melting point and vapour pressure are depending on isomeric composition. Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of convulsions do not become manifest until O.5 to several hours. Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties. Do NOT take working clothes home. Benzex FBHC Kotol Submar Hilbeech Hexafor Hexablanc Hexamul Hexapoudre Gyben Trives T Agrocide Ambrocide Benesan Benexane Borer-Tox Gamosan are trade names. Also consult ICSC # 0053 0795 0796.
 

Toxicity Information for Hexachlorocyclohexane

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
Moderate
No
Suspected
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
Hexachlorocyclohexane Lindane
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
II, Moderately Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Slightly Toxic

No
II, Moderately Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
Moderately Toxic
Moderately to Highly Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Hexachlorocyclohexane Lindane
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
2B, Possible
Reasonably Anticipated
Yes
B2, Probable
Not Listed
2B, Possible
Reasonably Anticipated
Yes
Suggestive
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Hexachlorocyclohexane Lindane
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
Not listed
Not listed
Yes
Known
Yes
Yes
Yes
Not listed
Yes
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Hexachlorocyclohexane Lindane
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Hexachlorocyclohexane Lindane
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Hexachlorocyclohexane

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  Hexachlorocyclohexane Lindane
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 

Water Standards and Criteria

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
WHO Water Quality Criteria
Description Unlikely to occur in drinking-water
Notes Notes: e
Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Agricultural Water Uses
g/L unless noted  
Irrigation Water Guidelines
Livestock Water Guidelines 4
 

Regulatory Information for Hexachlorocyclohexane

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide

Yes
Not Listed
Reviewed
Yes
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Indus
No
Yes
No

No
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesti
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Hexachlorocyclohexane

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Growth, Mortality
AquaticPlants Accumulation
Crustaceans Mortality
Crustaceans Accumulation, Biochemistry, Mortality, Physiology
Fish Accumulation, Behavior, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology
Fish Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Enzyme(s), Feeding Behavior, Genetics, Growth, Histology, Hormone(s), Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Physiology, Reproduction
Insects Mortality, Population
Molluscs Accumulation, Mortality
Molluscs Accumulation, Morphology, Mortality
Phytoplankton Accumulation, Behavior, Population
Phytoplankton Mortality, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Accumulation
Zooplankton Feeding Behavior, Intoxication, Mortality, Population
~ Un-Assigned Population
~ Un-Assigned Development, Mortality, Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Crustaceans Moderately Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Fish Moderately Toxic Moderate to High Toxicity
Molluscs Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Amphibians Slightly Toxic Slight to Moderate Toxicity
Crustaceans Slightly Toxic Not Acutely Toxic to Very High Toxicity
Fish Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
Molluscs Slightly Toxic
Zooplankton Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
~ Un-Assigned Very Highly Toxic Very Highly Toxic
View All Acute Summaries
 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Hexachlorocyclohexane

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
58-89-9 Parent P Lindane View View View Insecticide, Rodenticide No Yes
319-84-6 Related 6 alpha-HCH View View View Insecticide No Yes
319-85-7 Related 6 beta-HCH View View View Insecticide No Yes
Related 6 BHC (other than gamma isomer) View View View Insecticide No Yes
Related 6 BHC delta View View View Insecticide No Yes
608-73-1, 319-86-8 Related 13 Hexachlorocyclohexane View View View Insecticide No Yes
 
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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